Adolescence : A Stages Of Cognitive Development Essay

1546 Words Dec 8th, 2015 7 Pages
Adolescence Adolescence takes place from age twelve to age eighteen. In adolescence, there are differing changes that occur in terms of cognitive, physical, and social/emotional development. This is when children turn into teenagers, and they change even more during adolescence. Cognitive development in adolescence is small compared to what can be observed in childhood, but there is still a lot of cognitive development that happens during this stage. Jean Piaget suggested that adolescents go through a stage of cognitive development that he coined the formal-operational stage. This is the last stage of thinking that he suggested people go through, as it extends into adulthood. In the formal operational stage, Piaget stated that, “children and adolescents apply psychological operations to abstract entities; they are able to think hypothetically and reason abstractly,” (Kail & Cavanaugh, 2014, p. 158). Piaget also suggested that adolescents use deductive reasoning, which is, “drawing conclusions from facts,” (Kail & Cavanaugh, 2014, p. 159). Another perspective on cognitive development in adolescence is information processing. Adolescents are going to be more developed than children in terms of cognitive development because their brains keep improving and their minds work better. According to Kail & Cavanaugh (2014), adolescents and adults have the same size working memory and processing speed (p. 228). This is because there is an “increase in myelination during adolescence…

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