What Is A Stressful Life Stage During Adolescence

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Adolescence is generally a stressful life stage for most individuals. An adolescent typically has a wide variety of issues to consider during this time period in their life- friends, family, school, etc. However, throw an illness such as cancer or diabetes into this already tumultuous period, and this life stage becomes even more complicated than most people ever think possible. In this paper, I will begin by introducing the specific illness that I will be discussing throughout the essay, and I will also discuss what is known about the said illness. I will then introduce to you a specific (fictional) person who has dealt with the aforementioned illness and provide some background on them and their specific situation. Next, I will describe …show more content…
Puberty transforms the body’s physical characteristics from those a child to those more typical of an adult. Sexual development can begin as early as age eight in girls and age ten in boys (Arnett 2016, p. 352). In girls, there is a huge rise in the female sex hormone estradiol, which is responsible for the development of both primary and secondary sex characteristics (Arnett 2016; p. 351) . Primary sexual characteristics are directly correlated with reproduction, and are about the sex organs and sex cells themselves (Arnett 2016; p. 351). The egg is the sex cell in the female, and the sperm is the male sex cell. In girls, the primary sex characteristics resulting from estradiol include ovulation and menarche. In contrast, secondary sexual characteristics are bodily changes that result from increase in sex hormones, but are not related to reproduction (Arnett 2016; p. 351). Examples of secondary sexual characteristics in adolescnt girls include breast development and body hair growth (Arnett 2016, p. 352). As for puberty in the male adolescent, the group of hormones that are responsible for puberty are known as androgens (Arnett 2016; p. 350). The main androgen involved in male puberty is testosterone (Arnett 2016, p. 352). According to figure 8.2 on page 352 of the textbook, some of the physical changes in boys during puberty include body hair growth, sperm production, and a …show more content…
382). Arnett states that an individual at the preconventional level makes decisions based on rewards and punishment. An action is right if it produces a reward and avoids a punishment, and wrong if produces a punishment (Arnett 2016; p. 382). At the conventional level, reasoning is based on others’ expectations of them. An action is right if it is consistent with societal rules (Arnett 2016; p. 382). Finally, at the postconventional level, people make decisions based on their own judgements, not based on what anybody else thinks is the correct or incorrect action in any given situation (Arnett 2016; p. 382). It would be logical to say that most adolescents would be in the conventional stage of moral reasoning because they care so much about what their friends, classmates, and acquaintances think about them (as I mentioned in the section about emotional

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