Adherence To A Code Of Ethics Case Study

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Adherence to a Code of Ethics: Does it limit the development of Psychological Theory?
Ethics are principles, or rules, that determine right or wrong conduct. These rules are based on socially agreed principles that are used to develop a set of clear and logical guidelines in order to direct behaviour. In a psychological research context, ethics refers to a moral framework that governs what psychologists are able and unable to do within their studies. In 1947, in response to the research that was carried out on human beings during the Nazi regime, the first generally accepted code of ethics for research on humans was produced. The Nuremberg Code was formed and became the basis for future ethical codes in both medicine and psychology, and from
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Briefly, this study required participants to take on the role of a ‘teacher’ and to administer electronic shocks, with ascending voltage to their ‘learner’ and despite becoming highly distressed at times, most participants would continue up until the point at which they would have administered a potentially fatal shock, simply because a scientist in a lab coat (figure of authority) demanded that they continue. This is a study that could not be carried out today due to the more stringent code of ethics, but provides a good example to the side of the argument that adhering to the code of ethics has not limited the development of psychological …show more content…
Although there are examples of when it may appear that it doesn’t, for example in Slater’s virtual replication of Milgram’s study, due to the fact that exact replication of important studies is not possible, I believe there was always be a level of uncertainty as to how relevant replicated data is in comparison to the original. Applied research in particular stands out to me as an area of psychological research that has been limited due to the code of ethics. By this, I mean that due to the fact that deception of participants is not permitted by the code of ethics as this would remove their ability to give informed consent and to withdraw from the experiment at any time, when participants are exposed to the ‘live’ crime, the results would not have had the preferred high ecological validity and this is important in this area of

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