Addiction Disease That Affects The Brain Essay

762 Words Feb 8th, 2016 4 Pages
Addiction disease that affects the brain and actually reshapes and rewires the brain. Relapse will occur a couple times before recovery begins. Alcoholics and addicts were treated very unfairly and were denied treatment. The important neurotransmitters that are involved are dopamine, serotonin, GABA and glutamate. Alcoholism, over a long term period, can shrink the brain and lower the metabolism. Hallucinogens can alter change the levels of serotonin released into the brain. Opiates can damage the opiate receptors. No matter the type of drug, the addict will have an alteration of their brain structure. The process of addiction is the rewiring of the brain, it involves the limbic system being overrun by the surge of dopamine levels. In order to stop the overflow of dopamine, the prefrontal cortex will take over and mull over the morality of the situation. In a normal functioning brain both the prefrontal cortex and the limbic system work together to help make conscious decisions. However, in an addict 's brain, the connection between the two is severed and focuses on attaining the drug and maintaining the addiction. Long term recovery depends on the actual rewiring of the brain. The brain becomes addicted by depending on the drug to function normally and will then do anything possible to get the drug. In this sense, the drug will increasingly become dependent on survival. The brain then becomes permanently altered by damaged neurotransmitters and decreased levels…

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