Essay about A Study Conducted By Sarah Patrick

1256 Words Dec 4th, 2015 6 Pages
A study conducted by Sarah Patrick (2014) states, “because media frames associate terrorism with Islam and Muslims, the East generally assumes this negative stereotype which then becomes fundamentally rooted in western society” (Patrick, 2014, p. 2). The majority of the reviewed literature illustrates how the media’s framing of terrorism intensifies an ‘us versus them’ outlook, assuming an orientalist approach when illustrating Islam and Muslims. Semati (2010) states “in the last few decades, Arabs or “brown,” “once the signifier or an “exoticism,” now represents a negative ‘other’” (Powell, 2011, p. 92). Author Edward Said defines orientalism as (1978),
A style of thought based upon an ontological and epistemological distinction made between ‘the Orient’ and the ‘Occident’. He argues that in order to come to terms with the Orient, the Occident set itself apart as a superior reign. Thus, orientalism serves as “a Western Style for dominating, restructuring, and having authority over the Orient, in order to acquire strength and establish an independent identity (Patrick, 2014, p. 3).

In 2001 President George W. Bush stated, “either you are with us, or you are with the terrorist” (Bush, 2001). He encourages the ‘us versus them’ attitude, which portrayed Islam and Muslims as ‘them’ and the United States and whoever supports with it, as ‘us’.
Important for the purposes of this study, the various critiqued studies demonstrate how ‘us versus’ them mentality contributes to…

Related Documents