Suarezco And Paez Summary

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Question 1
The United States is a nation of immigrants. Throughout its history it has experienced multiple phases of immigration from different countries around the world. In the 21st century the United States has experienced mass immigration from Latin America, Asia, and the Caribbean. Today Latin American immigrants are the largest immigrant group in the United States. Majority of people stereotype Latin American immigrants as all being undocumented individuals from Mexico. It is true that Mexicans are the largest group of latinos in the United States however, it is important to understand that there are also other subgroups of latinos.The term Latino is an umbrella term that describes a population of people who are from spanish speaking
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In Suarez-Orozco and Paez’s book they discuss the idea of a Pan Latino identity. The Pan Latino identity theory states that Latinos have enough commonality because of three main similarities which allows them to be grouped together under one identity. Suarez-Orozco and Paez lay out three important themes in understanding the Latino experience. The three themes are the experience of immigration, the changing nature of U.S relations with Latin America, and the process of racialization as Latinos enter and complicate the “black/white” binary logic that has driven U.S racial relations. The underlying idea of the theory is that the Latino population share enough similar experiences due to these three themes that allow them to be a part of a larger Latino …show more content…
Much of the Americas history has been trying to overcome the history of oppression on African Americans. With the immigration of a large number of Latinos to the U.S in the last few centuries this binary has been challenged. Thus scholars have taken the system of racialization into account when creating theories about latino identity. One scholar that discusses this in detail is Linda Alcoff, she believes that knowledge of racialization is the most important aspect to understand Latino identity. Racialization can be defined as the way we talk and think about race and how it is used as an identifier for negative treatment. Alcoff states that using the term Latino to describe an ethnic group is incorrect because Latinos as a group are not homogenous and do not fit most racialized factors. Thus trying to create a single Latino race takes away the ability for this population to identity with their specific culture and country of origin

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