A Medical Emergency And A Leading Cause For Adult Disability Essay

929 Words Dec 16th, 2016 4 Pages
Cerebral vascular stroke (CVS) is an umbrella term of the common, crippling, and a deadly serious neurological disease that causes a sudden loss of brain function accompanied by the neurological deficits. It is a medical emergency and a leading cause of adult disability. About 16 million persons are affected with CVS annually, with a mortality rate among up to 6 million. A stroke is an injury to the brain that has effects that extend far beyond the health of the individual. Stroke triggers a cascade of life-changing events that affect the stroke survivor, the family, and the community (Burns, 2014, Ketchner et al. 2011 and Hinkle & Cheever, 2014).

More than 70% of cerebrovascular stroke survivors are unable to return fully to their prior occupations, in addition to having longer periods of disability before death with significant costs for individuals and society. One quarter of all CVS is fatal and when not fatal, it is often disabling. Early recurrence of CVS together with progression of medical instability accounts for 90% of deaths in the first week following stroke. Approximately 25% of deaths that occur in the first several years after CVS are due to its recurrence (Denny, 2011 and Thom et al. 2011). Every year, 15 million people worldwide suffer a stroke. Nearly six million die and another five million are left permanently disabled. Stroke is the second leading cause of disability, after dementia. A disability may include loss of vision and / or speech,…

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