Myocardial Infarction Paper

Globally and within the United States, myocardial infarctions are a concerning health problem. There is work being done to prevent and catch myocardial infarctions early, such as studying the influenza vaccine for prevention, and the Million Hearts Initiative. There can be a reduction in the number of myocardial infarctions occurring every year, through the proper teaching by and to providers, interventions to reduce the risk of having a myocardial infarction, and by researching new preventive measures such as the influenza vaccine. Focus has also been made by some organizations to learn and increase teaching on women’s signs and symptoms, especially women under the age of 55 (Izadnegahdar et al., 2014). It is estimated that 1 of every 2.9 …show more content…
This movement’s goal is to reduce the number of strokes and heart attacks by one million or more from 2012 to 2017 (Davis & Wright, 2012). The community preventive measures include measures to decrease sodium intake and tobacco use, and removing trans-fat; these measures would work to make individuals healthier (Davis & Wright, 2012). The clinical part of this initiative is to focus on providing better care, as well as the use of the “ABCS” of cardiac disease (Davis & Wright, 2010). As discussed by Davis & Wright, the “ABCS” include the use of Aspirin therapy when necessary, controlling Blood Pressure and Cholesterol, and lastly to help those who would like to quit Smoking (Davis & Wright, 2010). Nurses, nurse educators and nurse practitioners are involved in this initiative because of their involvement in the everyday life of patients. Nurses are key to patient education. When it comes to education; it has been found that the chance to rehearse how one would react to symptoms is crucial (Crumlish & Magel, 2011). Crumlish & Magel identified that patient denial of signs and symptoms, and delaying the time to treatment are two areas of teaching that need to be addressed with importance and it is essential that with the education, patients are allowed to practice how …show more content…
Another priority for nurses is to obtain blood for tests to check certain cardiac markers; these include troponin, CK enzymes, and myoglobin (Lewis, Dirksen, Heitkemper, & Bucher, 2014). If these tests and imaging are found to be positive for myocardial infarction, there are a few different treatment steps that the provider can take. These include fibrinolytic medications (also called thrombolytic, works to dissolve blood clots) or surgery if necessary to restore the crucial blood flow that is needed to keep the heart pumping effectively, or both methods may be used if necessary (Gaby, 2010). Surgeries include bypass grafting to coronary arteries or angioplasty (Gaby, 2010). Nurses will be involved in this process, as well as treatment to decrease the patient’s pain, and likely aspirin or other medication for anti-platelet effects, as well as beta blockers (Gaby, 2010). Nurses are also involved in cardiac patient care when a patient is admitted, as well as follow-up care in the home and the doctor’s office. Patient and family teaching is one of the main roles that a nurse performs. Nurses have a crucial role in preventing primary and secondary heart

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