A Brief Note On Atherosclerosis And Its Effects On The Body Essay

1099 Words Feb 19th, 2016 null Page
Approximately 80 million people, roughly thirty-six percent of the global population, suffer from cardiovascular disease (Boudi, 2015). Atherosclerosis is a type of arteriosclerosis, which is a hardening of the arteries. In atherosclerosis, plaque builds up in an artery, resulting in restricted blood flow and oxygen deprivation to the target organ. The term, atherosclerosis, is Greek in origin and means focal accumulation (Boudi, 2015). It is a slow yet progressive disease that may start in childhood (American Heart Association, 2014), and can affect any artery in the body. As the single largest killer of men and women in the United States, much research has been conducted into the development, causes, risk factors, and treatments for atherosclerosis and resulting coronary artery disease or CAD. Regardless of the amount of research conducted, the cause of atherosclerosis is not actually known. The “Response-to-Injury” hypothesis is the most widely accepted theory today; this theory is based on the fact that the vascular endothelium must first be injured in some way (Boudi, 2015). Several factors can increase the likelihood of developing atherosclerosis, these include: genetics, age, and lifestyle. Having a family history of early onset coronary artery disease increases risk; this is generally due to a defect in the gene for the hepatic receptor of LDL, low-density lipoprotein. LDL is the negative lipoprotein, which builds up in your arteries; HDL, high-density…

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