INCAS The Incas became a definite group near present-day Cuzco around 1200CE. They were American Indian people. They were a small tribe in the Southern highlands of Peru. It was not until about 1400 tht they expanded and became one of the largest and morst tighly guarded empires the worl has ever known, under Pachacuti Inca. About 1532, the Spanish had arrived, at the time their empire was known as TYawantinsuyu. This is also known as the four Quarters, which spreed across the Northern Ecuador to the Central Chile, spanning some 3,500 kilometers in distance. Their skilld in governmebt matched their feat in engineering. They constructed roads, walls, irrigation system which is still being
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Christopher Columbus was in search of the riches in 1492 when he came across an island called Cuba. The critical encounter that set in motion the Spanish acquisition of the island and its people. In his search for gold, Columbus used he Arawak captives as his guide. Jamaica is located in the Caribbean Sea basin south of Cuba. The culture is a multifaceted anomaly associated with the merging of the Native American Arawak tribe. They lived in prosperity in Jamaica until around the 15th century. The Arawak and the Native American, who began in the Andes Mountain, settled in many Caribbean island of the coastal countries of South America. It was not until the Europeans arrived that marked the end of the prosperity. This was because they were taken as slaves and eventually died due to them contrasting diseases. By the end of the 15th century the population of the Arawak was wiped out due to smallpox. The languages of the Arawak may have emerged in the Orinoco River Valley. They eventually spread quickly becoming the most widely spread language in South America. This was during the time of the European contact. Some were discovered along the Orinoco and Amazon Rivers. Those that were known as the Lokono lived near the coastal areas of what is now Guyana, Suriname, French Guinea and some parts of Trinidad. The Lokono and other South American groups resisted being colonized for a long period.