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15 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
A sprawling empire that included the Holy Roman Empire and the Netherlands
Siglo de oro
Spain’s “Golden Century”
El Greco
A famous painter who produced haunting religious pictures, dramatic views of the city of Toledo, and striking portraits of Spanish nobles, done in a dramatically elongated style
Diego Velazquez
The court painter to King Philip IV who was best known for his vivid portraits of Spanish royalty
Balance of power
Distribution of military and economic power the prevents any one nation from becoming too strong
Absolute monarch
Ruler with complete authority over the government and lives of the people he or she governs
Divine right
Belief that a ruler’s authority comes directly from God
A fleet of ships
St. Bartholomew’s Day Massacre
The that Huguenots and Catholic nobles gathers to celebrate a royal wedding, and violence erupted that led to the massacre of 3,000 Huguenots. In the next few days, thousands more were slaughtered. For many people, it symbolized the breakdown of order in France
Edict of Nantes
King Henry IV issued this to protest Protestants. It granted the Huguenots religious toleration and let them fortify their own towns and cities
An uprising where nobles, merchants, peasants, and the urban poor rebelled (each group for their own reasons)
Louis XIV made this be the most magnificent building ever. It became the perfect symbol of the Sun King’s wealth and power.
War of the Spanish Succession
War that went on until 1713, when an exhausted France signed the Treaty of Utrecht
Official appointed by French King Louis XIV to govern the provinces, collect taxes, and recruit soldiers
Morning ritual during which nobles would wait upon King Louis XIV