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18 Cards in this Set

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chandragupta maurya
an ambitious adventurere who during the late 320s bce laid the foundation for the mauryan empire
bactria
alenxander of macedon's imperial heirs who had mingled w/ local populations sicne establishing an independent bactrian kingdom in the 3rd century bce
arthashastra
asncient indian political treatise from teht ime of chandragupta maurya, its authorship was traditionally ascribed to kautalya, and it stressed that war was inevitable
guptas
indian dynasty (320-550) that briefly reunited india after the collapse of the earlier mauryan dynasty
brahmins
hindu caste of priests
kshatriyas
hindu caste of warriors and aristocrats
vaishyas
hindu caste of cultivators, artisans, and merchants
shudras
hindu caste of landless peasetns and serfs
jati
indian word for a hindu subcaste
ahimsa
jain term for the principle of nonviolence to other living thigns or their souls
siddhartha gautama
indian kshatriya who achieved enlightenment and becomeknown as teh buddha, the founder of buddhism
buddha
the "enlightened one" the term applied to siddhartha gautama after his discoveries taht would from the foundation of buddhism
dharma
hindu concept of obedience to religoius and moral law and order
vernacular
the language of the people
stupa
buddhist shrine
boddhisatvas
buddhist concept regarding inidviduals who had reached enlightenment but who stayed in this world tohelp people
bhagavad gita
"song of the lord" and indian short poetic work drawn from the lengty mahhabharata that was finished around 400 ce and that expressed basic hinidu concepts such as karma and dharma
vishnu
hindu god, preserver of the world, who was often incarnated as krishna