Study your flashcards anywhere!

Download the official Cram app for free >

  • Shuffle
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Alphabetize
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Front First
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Both Sides
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Read
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
Reading...
Front

How to study your flashcards.

Right/Left arrow keys: Navigate between flashcards.right arrow keyleft arrow key

Up/Down arrow keys: Flip the card between the front and back.down keyup key

H key: Show hint (3rd side).h key

A key: Read text to speech.a key

image

Play button

image

Play button

image

Progress

1/31

Click to flip

31 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
persepolis
capital of the persian empire built around 520 bce by darius
satrap
persian administrator, usually a member of the royal family, who governed a satrapy
zoroastrianism
persian religion based on the teaching of the 6th cent. bce propher zarathustra, its emphasis on the duality of good and evil and on the role of inidividuals in determining their own fate woudl influence later religions
hallucinogenic
used hallucinogens in religious ceremonies
zarathustra
persian prophet (628-551 bce) who founded zoroastrianism
magi
zoroastrian priests who presevred religious texts in writing
parsis
indian zoroastrians
kong fuzi (confucius)
(551-479 bce) 1st chines thinker to address the problem of political and social order in a straightfoward and self-conscious way
analects
book compiled by confucius's pupils containing his sayings and teachings
mencius
(372-289 bce) the most learned man of his age and teh principal spokeman of the confucian school, believed human nature was basically good, placed special emphasis on ren adn advocated government by benevolance and humanity
daoism
chinese philosphy w/ origins in the zhou dynasty; it is associated w/ legendary philosopher Laozi, and it called for a policy of non-competition
laozi
founder of daoism
dao
key element in chines philosophy that means the "way of nature" or the "way of the cosmos"
legalism
chinese philosophy from the zhou dynasty that called for harsh suppression of the common people
shang yang
(390-338 bce) served as cheif miister to the duke of qin in western china, policies survive in a work entitled The book of lord shang, a clever and efficient administrator, he was also despised adn feared b/c of his power and ruthlessness
han feizi
a student of the confucian scholar xunzi, he was the most systematic of the legalist theorists, he carfully reviwed legalist ideas from political thinkers in all parts of china and synthethized them into a collection of powerful and well-argued essays
qin dynasty
chinese dynasty (221-207) that was founded by qin shihaungdi adn was marked by the 1st unification of china and the early construction of defensive walls
han dynasty
ruling dynasty of china 206 bce- 9ce; 25-220 ce, the "classical" period of the chinese empire
xiongnu
nomadic horsemen from central asia, great foreign challenge to han empire
filial piety
confucian value; respect for parents, elders, ancestors
sericulture
production of silk by breeding of silkworms
wang mang
served as regent to 2 year old han empereor, eventually seized the throne and became a "social empire" which resulted in chaos
yellow turban uprising
2nd century uprising by peasants; weakened han empire
han feizi
a student of the confucian scholar xunzi, he was the most systematic of the legalist theorists, he carfully reviwed legalist ideas from political thinkers in all parts of china and synthethized them into a collection of powerful and well-argued essays
qin dynasty
chinese dynasty (221-207) that was founded by qin shihaungdi adn was marked by the 1st unification of china and the early construction of defensive walls
han dynasty
ruling dynasty of china 206 bce- 9ce; 25-220 ce, the "classical" period of the chinese empire
xiongnu
nomadic horsemen from central asia, great foreign challenge to han empire
filial piety
confucian value; respect for parents, elders, ancestors
sericulture
production of silk by breeding of silkworms
wang mang
served as regent to 2 year old han empereor, eventually seized the throne and became a "social empire" which resulted in chaos
yellow turban uprising
2nd century uprising by peasants; weakened han empire