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46 Cards in this Set

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  • Back
a period of European history, lasting from about 1300 to 1600, during which renewed intrest in classical culture led to far-reaching changes in art, learning, and views of the world
a renaissance intellectual movement in which thinkers studied classical texts and focused on human potential and achievements
concerned with worldly rather than spiritual matters
a person who supports artists, especially financially
an artistic technique that creates the appearance of three dimensions on a flat surface
painter, sculptor, poet, and architect; he is most famous for the way he portrayed the human body in painting and sculpture
michelangelo buonarroti
architect of St. Peter's Basilica, sculptor of the biblical hero David, and the artist who painted the ceiling of the Sistine Chapel
michelangelo buonarroti
painter, sculptor, inventor, and scientist; his painting include the Mona Lisa and The Last Supper
leonardo da vinci
he experimented with the inventions of man-made flight, parachutes, and a crude form of the tank
leonardo da vinci
studied muscle movements and how veins are arranged in a leaf
leonardo da vinci
wrote all of his observations backward in "mirror writing"
leonardo da vinci
the everyday language of people in a region or country
an imaginary land described by Thomas More in his book Utopia-hence, and ideal place
many people regard him as the greatest playwright of all time; many of his plays examine human flaws
william shakespeare
his tragedies include Macbeth, King Lear, Hamlet, and Romeo and Juliet; other significant plays include the comedy A Midsummer Night's Dream and the tragedy Julius Caesar
william shakespeare
he revered the classics, and drew on them for inspiration and plots
william shakespeare
reinvented movable type around 1440, invented the printing press, and printed the first full-sized book with movable type
johann gutenberg
a machine for reproducing written material by pressing paper against arrangements of inked type
printing press
the first full-sized book printed with movable type and a printing press
gutenberg bible
Catholic monk whose 95 Thesis began the Protestant Reformation with protests against indulgences, sying the pope and church traditions were false authorities
martin luther
a pardon releasing a person from punishments due for a sin
a 16th century movement for religious reform, leading to the founding of Christian churches that rejected the pope's authority
member of a Protestant church founded on the teachings of Martin Luther
member of a Christian church founded on the principals of the Reformation
a 1555 agreement declaring that the religion of each German state would be decided by its ruler
Peace of Augsburg
to cancel or set aside
King of England(1509-1547) who wanted the Catholic Church to annul hes marriage in 1527 to his wife Catherine when the marriage couldn't produce a son however the pope didn't want to offend Catherine's powerful nephew, the Holy Roman Emperor Charles V and refused
Henry VIII
he called the British parliamentinto session, and asked the parliament to pass a set of laws that ended the pope's power in England; he then closed all English monasteries and made himself the supreme head of the Church of England
Henry VIII
he married a total of five times, but only his third wife gave him a son named Edward
Henry VIII
inherited the English thrine in 1558
Queen Elizabeth
estabished a national church(Church of England-Anglican) that allowed sermons to be delivered in English, nit Latin and allowed priests to marry
Queen Elizabeth
helped defeat the Spanish Armada in 1558 that led to the downfall of Spain as a world power and the rise of England as a world power
Queen Elizabeth
relating to the Church of England
attempted spanish invasion of England in 1588 that included 130 ships, 8000 sailors and 19000 soldiers
spanish armada
england hd been raiding spanish treasure ships coming from the New World, and Queen Elizabeth had supported Spanish Protestant subjects that had rebelled against Philip II, the King of Spain
spanish armada
bad weather and the English fleet defeated the Spanish completely
spanish armada
English Sea Dog(pirate) that raided Spanish treasure ships coming to Spain from the New World; Queen Elizabeth made him a knight, infuriating King Philip of Spain, helping to cause the Spanish Armada
Sir Francis Drake
promoted a doctrine called predestination that led to the development of a strict protestant religion called Calvinism in Switzerland
John Calvin
the doctrine that God had decided all things beforehand, including which people will be eternally saved
a body of religious teachings based on the ideas of the reformer John Calvin
a government controlled by religious leaders
a member of a Protestant church governed by presbyters (elders) and founded on the teachings of John Knox
in the Reformation, a member of a protestant group that believed in baptizing only those persons who were old enough to decide to be Christian and believed in the seperation of the church and state
a 16th centry mobement in which the Roman Catholic Church sought to make changes in response to the Protestant Reformation
Catholic Reformation
members of the Society of Jesus, a Roman Catholic religious order founded by Ignatius of Loyola
a meeting of Roman Catholic leaders, called by Pope Paul III to rule on doctrines criticized by the Protestant reformers
Council of Trent