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47 Cards in this Set

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a system of government in which the monarch serves as the head of state, bit Parliament holds the real power; the British Parliament consists of the House of Lords and the House of Commons; members of the House of the Lords either inheirt their seats or are appionted; members of the House of Commons are elected by the British people
constutional monarchy
the right to vote
sufferage
in Britain, this law ceased the property requirements so that well-to-do men in the middle class could vote, and also modernized the districts for electing members of Parliament
Reform Bill of 1832
in the 19th century Britian, members of the working class demanded reforms in Parliament and in elections, including sufferage for all men
chartist movement
The British Empire reached the height of its wealth and power under her reign; however she was forced to accept a new virtually powerless role for the British monarch; the spread of democracy in the 1800's shifted political power almost completely to Parliament and especially to the House of Commons; mow the government was completely run by the prime minister and the cabinet
Queen Victoria
the rupublic that was established in France after the downfall of Napoleon III and ended with the
german occupation of France during WWII
Third Republic
a controversy in France in the 1890s, centering on the trial and imprissionment of a Jewish army officer, Captain Alfred Dreyfus, who had been falsely accused of selling military secrets to Germany
Dreyfus affair
predjudice against Jews
Anti-Semitism
a movement founded in the 1890s to promote the establishment of a Jewish homeland in Palestine
zionism
in the British Empire, a nation (such as Canada)allowed to govern its own domestic affairs
dominion
a member of a Polynesian people who settled in New Zealand around A.D. 800
maori
a member of any of the native peoples of Australia
aborigine
a colony to which convicts are sent as an alternative to prison
penal colony
a control over internal matters granted to the residents of a region by ruling a government
home rule
an unofficial nationalist military force seeking independence for Ireland from Great Britian
Irish Republican Army
the idea, popular among mid-19th century Americans, that it was the right and the duty of the United States to rule from the Atlantic Ocean to the Pacific Ocean
manifest destiny
purchase of all land between the Mississippi Riverand the Rocky Mountains by the United States from France in 1803 for $15 million dollars
Louisiana Purchase
in 1819, the United States gained all Spanish land east of the Mississippi River(Florida), Spain gave up any claimes to the Oregon county, and the U.S. gave up its claim to Texas
Adams-Onis Treaty
law passed in 1830 that provided money to move Indian groups out of the southeastern United States to western reservations
Indian Removal Act
name given to the Independent Republic of Texas after its successful revolution against Mexico; it was annexed to the United States in 1845
Lone Star Republic
a compromise treaty was signed in 1846 to prevent war and established the 49th parallel as the dividing line between the British and U.S. territories
Oregon County
the Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo established a sale of vast Mexican territories to the U.S. including California and territory in the southwest at the conclusion of the Mexican War
Mexican cession
land purchase along the southern borders of New Mexico and Arizona by the U.S. from Mexico in 1853 to allow for the constuction of the Southern Pacific Railroad
Gadsden Purchase
the 16th U.S. president(1861-1865); his election sparked the succession of South Carolina and the formation of the Confederate States of America
Abraham Lincoln
to withdraw formally from an association or alliance
secede
a conflict between Northern and Southern states of the United States over the issue of slavery, lasing from 1861 to 1865
U.S. Civil War
a declaration issued by U.S. president Abrahan Linsoln in 1863, stating that all slaves in the Confederate States were free
Emancipation Proclamation
the leagal of social separation of people of different races (Norhern idea)
segregation
U.S. inventor of the phonograh(1877) and incandescent light bulb(1879); his research laboratories invented or made improvements on a wide variety of products including storage batteries, dictaphones, mimeograph, and the electric locomotive
Thomas Edison
inventor of the telephone
Alexander Graham Bell
italian inventor of the first radio in 1895
Guglielmo Marconi
in a factory, an arrangement in which a product is moved from worker to worker, with each person performing a single task in its manufacture
assembly line
U.S. bicycle mechanics that completed the first successful man-made flighe at Kitty Hawk, North Carolina in 1903
Wilbur and Orville Wright
French chemist who learned heat killed bacteria, leading to a process called pasteurization to kill germs in liquids such as milk
Louis Pasteur
Russian chemist who organized a chart called the Periodie Table on which all known chemical elements were arranged in order of weight, from the lightest to the heaviest
Dmitri Mendeleev
a form of energy released as atoms decay
radioactivity
the study of the human mind and human behavior
psychology
the produntion of works of art and entertainment designed to appeal to a large audience
mass culture
the revival in 1896 at Athens, Greece of the ancient Greek tradition of holding an athletic competition among countries every four years
olympic games
1775-1781
American Revolutionary War
1812-1815
War of 1812
1846-1848
Mexican War
1861-1865
Civil War
1898
Spanish-American War
1914-1918
World War I
1939-1945
World War II
1961-1975
Vietnam War