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62 Cards in this Set

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Chloramphenicol may kill human bone marrow, but what does it do to bigs?
Its a bacteriostatic
You have three classes of static drugs. They spell out TALM. What are they
Tetras.
Acetamides.
Lincosamides/
Macrolides.
Your macrolides/lincosamides end in Sin or Cin. Name three
Tylosin. Clindamycin. Azithromycin
What treats toxoplasmosis?
Clindamycin
What treats bacterial overgrowth in the gut?
Tylosin
What Kind of diseases does azithromycin treat?
Tick diseases. It statics those tick diseases.

(babesia gibsonii, cytauxzoon, bartonella, borrelia). BBBC
So our static drugs are chloramphenicol, azithromycin, clindamycin, tylosin, amd doxycycline (our most common tetra).
True
What static drug do we use to treat lepto? What cidal drug do we use?
Static drug is doxy. Cidal drug is ampicillin.
So if the gram positives are SS BEC CLARE DAMN, then what are all the other bacteria
Gram negative
What do the capital letters stand for? SS bec claRE damn
Streptococcus staphylococcus rhodococcus and enterococcus
What do the capital letters stand for? Ss bec clare DAMN
Dermatophilus
Actinomyces
Mycobacterium
Nocardia
ss BEC clare damn
Bacillus
Erysipelothrix
Clostridium
Ss bec CLARE damn
Corynebacterium
Listeria
Archanobacter
Rhodococcus
Echinococcus
Ss bec clare damn
Streptococcus
Staphylococcus
Bacillus
Erysopelthrix
Clostridium
Corynebacterium
Listeria
Archanobacter
Rhodococcus
Echinococcus
Dermatophilus
Actinomyces
Mycobacterium
Nocardia
How do you remember the anaerobes? (the Bugs youll find in the mouth, vagina, and intestines)
PP FACE B
So what is PP face B
Peptostreptococcus
Porphyromonas (this is the dumb "dental vaccine" they came out with a few years ago
pp FACE b
Fusobacterium
Actinomyces
Clostridium
Eubacterium
So then pp face B
Bacteroides
Whats the gram positive B?

Whats the anaerobic B?
Gram positive is bacillus

Anaerobe is bacteroides
What kind of infection do anaerobes like?
An abscess. (Or it comes in when a patient is immunocompromised or as part of a multi-organism infection)
If you have an anaerobic infection like an abscess, treatment consists of what three things
Antibiotics, debridement, and drainage
True or false. Culture and susceptibility not only IDs your organism, it also detects the resistant organisms and tells you good drugs to use (ones that are cheaper or less toxic) and is tells you what dose of antibiotics to give
True
What does the empiric use of antibiotics mean
It means youre giving a dog antibiotics without actually knowing what bug is involved
A dog presents for her first uti. You send her home on amoxicillin while you wait for the cu,ture results. What is this an example of
Empiric use pf antibiotics
Which organisms are difficult to culture?
HEM BB
HEM BB organisms are difficult to culture. What are these prganisms?
Hemoplasmas
Ehrlichia
Mycoplasma

Borrelia
Bartonella
What do mycoplasmas, borrelia, bartonella, and ehrlichia all have in commom?
They are difficult to culture
With critical illness, overwhelming sepsis, life threatening infections, how are tpy going to give your drugs if their conc dependent vs time dependent?
High dose
Short intervals (aka low end of dosing interval)
Toxic effects of aminoglycosides
Ototoxic and nephrotoxic
Toxic effects of penicillins and cephalosporins
Immune mediated dz
Toxic dose of tetras
Renal tubular disease
Enamel
Toxic effects of sulfonamides
KCS
Blood dyscrasias
Polyarthritis
Which class of drugs will you not give to an animal with an abnormal coag panel?
Sulfonamides
Toxic effects of enrofloxacon?
Blind cat
Seizures
Cartilage doesnt develop in ypung animals
What system does metronidazole have a toxic effect on?
CNS
What antibiotic would we NOT give to a kitten with seizures?
Enrofloxacon
Whats a great quinolone to use in CATS?
Marbofloxacin
At xomes in with a cat fight abscess. What are the three Cs you have to choose from?
Clavamox
Clinda
Cephalosporin
Of the three choices for treating a cat fight infection, which is a static drug?
Clinda
What do we know about nocardia? How would you treat it?
Nocardia is gram positive

Treat with high dose penicillin and potentiated sulfas
Is penicillin time or concentration dependent?
Concentration
How do you treat pyometras and bacterial pneumonia?
EA--its in the game

(enro and ampicillin)
An felv positive cat comes in because she has a nasty upper respiratory infection. How do you treat URIs?
Clavamox or clinda
If you do a fecal smear and see lots of large sporulating rods you think clostridial overgrowth. How would you treat?
Tylosin
Metronidazole
Neomycin is commonly found in topical antibiotic ointments. It has poor oral bioavailability. What does that mean?
It doesnt achieve effective systemic concentrations
When do we give neomycin by mouth?
We give neomycin by mouth to treat hepatic encephalopathy.

It wont go into the blood because it has poor bioavailability. So itll sit in the gut and kill all those ammpnia-producing bacteria in there that are causing the neuro problems
For a simpke infection in an immunocompetent patient, a good drug of choice for 3-4 weeks, or 2 days past clinical cure is appropriate. True or false.
False. 7-10 days is usually efficient. (antibiotics are expensive!)
How do you treat toxoplasmosis?
Clinda
Is clindamycin a static or cidal drug?
Static
What is toxoplasmosis an important differential for?
Fiv
What does diskospondylitis look like
Lysis of vertebral endplates (radiology)
What is diskospondylitis often caused by? Therefore how would you treat it?
From puncture wound over the spinal cord, so treat with "skin drugs"
What are the antibiotics you woild use for diskospondylitis?
Cepha
Clavamox
Chloramphenicol
What would we use to treat osteomyelitis?
Clindamycin
Clavamaox
Osteomyelitis and URIs are treated with the same drugs what are they?
Clindamycin
Ckavamox
Bacterial pneumonia and pyometras are treated with thr same drugs. What are they?
Enrofloxacin
Ampicillin

EA--its in the name
How do you treat encephalitis?
Chloramphenicol
Potentiated sulfonamides
Quinolones
You dont treat otitis externa with oral antibiotics, but you do otitis media and interna. What would you give?
Clavamox
Chloramphenicol
What kind of drug is chloramphenicol?
Acetamide. Bacteriostatic
Ehrlichia and borrelia cause polyarthritis. How would you treat?
Doxy
How do you treat a boxer with bartonella polyarthritis? (he also has endocarditis but thats not important for this question =))
Azithromycin
What antibiotics do you give for prostatitis?
Enroflocxacin
Potentiated sulfas
Chloramphenicol