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46 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
psychology
the science of behavior and mental processes
nature-nurture issue
the long-standing controversy over the relative contributions that genes and experience make to the development of psychological traits and behaviors
natural selection
the principle that, among the range of inherited trait variations, those contributing to reproduction and survival will most likely be passed on to succeeding generations
neuroscience
how the body and brain create emotions, memories, and sensory experiences
evolutionary
how nature selects traits that promote the perpetuation of one's genes
behavior genetics
how much our genes, and our environment, influence our individual differences
psychodynamic
how behavior springs from unconscious drives and conflicts
behavioral
how we learn observable responses
cognitive
how we encode, process, store, and retrieve information
social-cultural
how behavior and thinking vary across situations and cultures
basic research
pure science that aims to increase the scientific knowledge base
applied research
scientific study that aims to solve practical problems
clinical psychology
a branch of psychology that studies, assesses, and treats people with psychological disorders
psychiatry
a branch of medicine dealing with psychological disorders; practiced by physicians who sometimes provide medical treatments as well as psychological therapy
Wundt; 1879
The first psychology laboratory was established by ? in the year ?
Wilhelm Wundt
"Psychology is the science of mental life"
any action we can observe and record
"behavior"
Top-down versus bottom-up processing
Not a major issue of psychology?
Way of asking and answering questions
psychology is most accurately described as a?
philosophy and biology
two historical roots of psychology?
Plato
Intelligence was inherited?
Psychiatrist
Which is also a physician?
Developmental psychologist
Works with the relationship between changes in our thinking over the life span and changes in moral reasoning?
Industrial/ organizational psychology
Studying human behavior in the workplace?
applied
Research in which changing of office layout is studied?
People learn and remember material best when they actively process it
PRTR study method?
true
psychology has flourished more in north america than in china?
False
First primary research tool was the experiment?
True
Subject matter of psych has changed over the history of the field?
True
Every psych event is simultaneously a biological event?
False
Most psychologists work within the behavioral perspective
False
Major perspectives in psych contradict one another
False
Most psychotherapists are psychiatrists
True
"Spaced practice" promotes better retention than "massed practice"?
False
"Overlearning" hinders retention?
True
Major goal of psych is to teach us how to ask important questions and think critically as we evaluate competing ideas?
self-examination of mental processes
introspection as a research tool based upon?
All of the above is true
Dharma's term paper on the history of American psychology notes that?
Examples of subjective experiences
Sensations, dreams, beliefs, and feelings?
nurture
John Locke?
nature
Rene Descartes?
psychologists approach the study of thoughts and actions with careful observation and rigorous analysis
"psychology is a science" means that?
nurture works on what nature endows
Nature-nurture debate notes that?
Personality psycholgist
Studys people's enduring inner traits?
conscious processes
Cognitive perspective emphasizes?
observable responses
behavioral perspective emphasizes?