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45 Cards in this Set

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On the skin, a circumscribed, raised, solid lesion which usually measures less than 5mm in a diameter is referred to as a:
Papule
Testicular neoplasms are most likely to originate from:
Germ Cells
The most common route of bacterial invasion of the kidney is via the:
Lower urinary tract
Endometrial hyperplasia: is associated with unopposed estrogen stimulation, may be a precursor to endometrial carcinoma, both, neither
Both
Which entity has the least potential for undergoing malignant transformation:
Hyperplastic polyp
A patient is discovered to have an abnormality in chromosome 22 characterized as Philidelphia chromosome. This patient is at increased risk for developing:
Chronic myelogenous leukemia
Congenital lack of thyroid hormone results in:
Cretinism
Complications of pregnancy include each of the following EXEPT: Benign cystic teratoma, choriocarcinoma, eclampsia, hydatiform mole
Benign cyctic teratoma
Increased gastric acid production is usually seen in patients with:
Chronic duodenal ulcers
In which of the following diseases would an enlarged spleen most likely be found:
Sickle cell anemia
Jaundice which occurs as the result of extrahepatic biliary obstruction would most likley be the result of which of the following:
Viral Hepatitis
Mitral stenosis would most frequently results from:
Rheumatic fever
Approximately three weeks after recovering from a sore throat a 6 year old boy develops malaise fever periorbital edema and a rust colored urine. The most likely diagnosis would be:
None of the above
Myasthenia gravis is associated most commonly with tumors of the:
Thymus
A 12 year old male was noticed to have multiple large hyperpigmented skin lesions at the time of birth and since that time has developed subcutaneous nodules over the trunk and extremities. The most likely diagnosis is:
Vitiligo
The foramen ovale is formed in the:
Septum primum
All of the following are common alterations of blood seen with severe liver disease EXCEPT: Decreased serum albumin, Decreased serum fibrinogen, elevated blood urea nitrogen, elevated serum ammonia, elevated serum bilirubin
Elevated blood urea nitrogen
Which of the following forms of vasculitis are immunological mediated: giant cell arteritis, polyarteritis, both, neither
Both
Cigaratte smoking is the major etiology agent causing emphysemia in the country. Certain genetic traits may however predispose to emphysema. Which factor is a known predisposing factor:
Alpha 1 antitrypsin
Chronic bronchitis is best characterized by:
Excess production of mucous
Thrombosis of a renal arteriole would result in which type of necrosis of the renal tissue:
Coagulative
Cavitary lesion in the upper lobes of the lungs are most frequently due to:
Tuberculosis
Which of the following is the most common cause of esophageal varices:
Portal vein obstruction
Increased amount of fluid within the ventricular spaces of the brain is known as:
Hydrocephalis
Which of the following skin conditions is caused by viruses
Impetigo, Nevus, Pustule, & Verruca
The function of the skin is to:
Act as a mechanical barrier to the external environment, Assist in the temperature regulation of the body
Which of the following diseases usually result in increased mucus production by the tracheobronchial tree:
asthma
Which of the following conditions would least likely be a direct result of hepatic cirrhosis:
Hepatic infarction
Elevated blood levels of estrogen that are unopposed by progesterone over a long period of time may be responsible for:
Breast cancer & uterine cancer
Which of the following causes of vaginitis is least likely to be associated with vaginal discharge:
Herpes
In a woman suffering from toxemia of pregnancy which symptom would be least likely
Fever
Hepatocellular carcinoma is often associated with:
preexisting cirhosis
Malignant lymphomas most often originate within the
Lymph nodes
Pheochromocytoma is a neoplasm that
secretes epinephrine
Breast feeding of babies does or does not increase risk developing brest cancer
Does not
Excessive growth hormone levels occuring in the adult would result in:
Acromegaly
The failure of a testis to descend into the scrotum is known as:
Cryptorhcism
Cervical carcinoma occurs at what age
May occur at any age from teenage years to senility
The most common ovarian malignancy
Arises from ovarian surface epithelium
Laennec's cirrhosis is a term used to describe the liver cirrhosis that occurs with:
Chronic alcoholism
a goiter:
is a condition in which the thyroid gland increases in size
Neurologic abnormalities occur in patients with:
None of the above
The most common congenital cardiovascular defect is:
Atrial septal defect
Which cell is the functional cell of the nervous system
Neuron
The most common cause of upper gastrointestinal hemorrhage is:
Peptic ulcer