Study your flashcards anywhere!

Download the official Cram app for free >

  • Shuffle
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Alphabetize
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Front First
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Both Sides
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Read
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off

How to study your flashcards.

Right/Left arrow keys: Navigate between flashcards.right arrow keyleft arrow key

Up/Down arrow keys: Flip the card between the front and back.down keyup key

H key: Show hint (3rd side).h key

A key: Read text to speech.a key


Play button


Play button




Click to flip

37 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
Multiple discrete nodules scattered throughout all lobes of the lungs would be most characteristic of which carcinoma?
Metastatic carcinoma
Which lipoprotein exherts a beneficial effect by delaying the onset of symptomatic atherosclerotic vascular disease?
High density lipoprotein
The most frequent clinically significant complication of acute rheumatic fever is ___
Mitral valve stenosis
A leiomyoma of the uterus would be expected to do _____
Enlarge slowly over time
A 50 year old man is admitted to the hospital complaining of increased SOB. There is no history of chest pain or previous heart or lung problems. ECG findings show concentric left ventricular hypertrophy and x-ray shows enlarged heart and pulmonary edema. Findings likely the results of ____
Systemic hypertension
A 69 year old man has advanced lung cancer. He is experiencing a progressive loss of body fat, lean muscle mass, as well as extreme weakness and loss of appetite. Changes are characteristic of _____
Least likely to contribute to the development of atelectasis is _____
interstitial fibrosis
Abdominal aortic aneurysms are most often the result of preexisting _______
The most likely mechanism of death in patinet suffering a massive pulmonary embolus is ______
acute right heart failure
Early signs and symptoms of squamous cell brochogenic carcinoma are most often related to _______
bronchial obstruction
Thrombic occlusion of the right coronary artery near its origin would likely result in abnormalities of the ECG tracings monitoring the _______
posterior wall of the left ventricle
Symptoms of allergic asthma are primarily due to changes occurring in the pulmonary ______
small bronchi and bronchioles
A feature common to neoplasms is the _______
unrelated replication of cells
Most theories of the pathogenesis of atherosclerotic plaques agree that the initial precipitating event is _____
injury to vascular epithelium
The ?stage" of a malignant neoplasm is based on the ____
platelet adherence to the endothelial surface
Edema fluid in the lung is primarily removed by _____
lymphatic drainage
Which is most likely to produce sudden death?
Hypertrophic cardiomyopathy
In patients with congenital heart disease, the most common reason for the development of cyanosis is ___
right to left shunt
Radiation is thought to increase the risk of subsequent neoplasia by _____
interacting with DNA and causing a mutation
A high fever and shaking chills would be most characteristic of which pulmonary disorder?
Bacterial pneumonia
Which is most often the cause of death in cases of aortic dissections?
Cardiac tamponade
The most significant factor involved in the development of respiratory distress syndrome of the newborn (hyaline membrane disease)is______
Which disorder would you most likely observe the presence of fibrin and neutrophils in alveolar spaces?
Bacterial pneumonia
Which neoplasm would have the best prognosis?
Papillary cystadenoma
Acute myocardial infarction most frequently involves the _____
anterior portion of the inverventricular septum and adjacent left ventricular wall
The most distinctive structural defect in pulmonary emphysema is _____
enlargement of air spaces and loss of alveolar septae
Although many factors play a role in the development of neoplasia the basic underlying mechanism most likely relates to _____
altered genetic function
Developmental heart defects which result in left to right shunts would most likely be characterized by ____
pulmonary hypertension
Which of the neoplams is malignant?
Death within the first twenty four hours following an acute myocardial infarction is most often due to _____
Irrespective of the cause of chronic interstitial pheumonias, the initial pathologic event is generally accepted to be an ___
Which is most closely associated with chronic bronchitis ____
frequent pulmonary infections
Atherosclerotic plaques in the pulmonary arteries indicated ______
pulmonary hypertension
The fatty streak of atherosclerosis consists of lipid-filled cells which, in part, are derived from what?
Blood monocytes
Which feature distinguishes carcinoma from carcinoma-in-situ?
invasion of basement membrane
Which disorder is most likely to produce hypoxemia on the basis of pulmonary perfusion deficits?
Pulmonary emboli
Xanthomas may be a clinical reflection of _____