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117 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
wake ga nai
There's no reason why---
It's impossible to ---
[Vinf+; NA na+; N de aru+]
[positive] wake ni wa ikanai
Can't---
[because of some external circumstance]
[negative]わけにはいかない
Have no choice but to---
-you
-darou
-deshou
S.O. probably can ---
--will probably happen
[Vvol-you; N-de arou]
yori-ADJ/ADV
more ADJ/ADV
-zaru o enai
can't help ---ing
[Vneg+zaru o enai; sezaru o enai]
amari
because of too much---
so---that
[N+no amari]
[Vinf+amari] [no adj]
-ba -hodo
the--, the--
[nonpast V or nara ADJ(na)]
[the key is the repetition of the increaser]
bakari ka--(sae)
not only [expected]but also [unexpected]
[Vinf; Adjna+na; N]
-dokoro ka
Aff/Aff: Not just
Aff/Neg: Far from
Neg/Aff: Far from
Neg/Neg: not just
[V/I nonpast+]
NA (na)+/N+
だからといって
It doesn't follow from this that...
[second clause often ends with wake de wa nai or to wa kagiranai]
dake de
Just by ---ing; just ---ing is enough
dokoro ka
[aff/aff]: not just, even
[aff/neg]: far from
[neg/aff]: far from
[neg/neg]: not just, even
Very far from the expected state
donna ni--koto ka!
How ---!
-gachi
An undesirable tendency; prone to
[Vmas+]
[N+]
-gatai
almost impossible to
[Vmas+]
-hodo
the --er, the--
[Vinf+]
[NN na/de aru+]
ijou wa
as long as; strong logical connection between the clauses
[Vinf+]
[N de aru+]
ippou de wa 一方では
tahou de wa 他方では
On the one hand--on the other hand
-jou
From the viewpoint of; relating to; for the sake of
[N+]
かえって
on the contrary; contrary to my expectations
kagiri
as long as
[Vinf+]
{N de ar/nai+]
[No A]
限り
only until, limited to
[N(time)+]
kanarazu shi mo---nai
not necessarily
[often ends with to wa omowanai/ienai/wake de wa nai/kagiranai]
-kaneru/-kanenai
hard to/might well
[Vmas]
--kara--ni kakete
from--to-- (time or place; the end point has to be vague)
からといって
just because; even if; even though--doesn't mean [expresses disapproval of the possible justification]
につれて
The more--the more
にさきだって
before; preparation for
something
をきっかけに
trigger event
wa tomokaku
either is ok
ni tsuke
whenever
[V or I]
にかけては
The most
kara suru/miru/yomu to
Upon doing/seeing/reading etc...
kara ni wa
naturally
ka to iu to
you would think that ---
koto ni naru
to end up with, to come to
[Vnonpast+] {Inonpast+] [NAna+]
koto ni yoru
due to the fact that
[at the end of a sentence]
kuse ni
although
[strong negative judgement]
までもない
There's no need to---
[Vnonpast+]
-mai
probably not ---
[Vnonpast+] {I wa aru+]
[N/NA de wa aru+]
nagara
although; even though
[Vmas+] {Vte i+]
{I/NA+]
-nai koto wa/mo nai
It's not that it isn't--
[Yes, it *is* --; affirming a statement from before]
naranai
Can't help, unbearably (psychological or physical feeling)
[Vte or Ite]
nari--nari
either--or
[two reasonable choices, often used in requests or commands]
[N+] [Vinf+]
なりに
In the way proper to the S; in their own way
[N wa N nari ni--]
に限らず
not limited to---(but also)
[N+]
にかぎって
That --- of all ---s; only this ---
(negative meaning)
[N+]
にもかかわらず
in spite of; although
に従って・従い (したがって)
the more --- the more ---

[Vnonpast+]
ni suginai
merely; not more than: just
[N+]
[Vinf+]
ni wa
in order to ---

[Vnonpast+]
[N+]
no koto dakara
because X is habitually this way...

[N+]
nomi
only
[N+]
[Vinf+]
no moto (下) de
under the influence of
[N+]
no ue de wa
as far as X is concerned;

[N+]
o hajime (to shite)
starting with X

[N+]
をとうして
through; by means of; via; throughout

[N+]
-来 (rai)
for the past ---
{time interval}
[N(duration)]+
-以来(irai)
since (a point in time)
例の (rei no)
the --- in question; that --- previously mentioned
[+N]
--際に
At the time of; when
[marks a special occasion]
[Vinf+] [N no+] [Nに際して]
sou ka to itte
but even so; that may be true, but
soko o
in spite of [some negative situation, some positive progress is made]
ーーそうになる
almost ---s
[Vmas+]
その上
what's more; on top of that
それでも
even though; in spite of that; nevertheless
それも
furthermore; what's more
それに
what's more; furthermore
それは
naturally; of course
たびに
whatever; every time
[Vnonpast+] [N no+]
--たところで
even if X happens...
[Vpast+]
て初めて
only after; not until

[Vte+]
と言っても
although one/I said..., actually it's more...
--という風に
in such a way as to suggest--
というのに
But; although; in spite of the fact that
と言うと
when you mention--
AというよりはB
B rather than A
--たところ
When --- happened

[past only]
ところが
however
とも
no matter how ; even if

[look for when/where/how words]
となると
when it comes to---,
とする
assume that ---
とは限らない
not necessarily
つつある
is Xing

[Vmas+] [not everyday actions]
において
で [formal place or age]
おそれ
worry that something bad will happen
[Vinf+]
てしょうがない
can't help ---ing

[Vte+]
にしては
against expectations
-うとする
about to do something

[Vう+]
ーばかりだ
All the preparations are done; nothing left to do but ---.
[Vinf+]
たばかりだ
justhave finished ---ing
[Vpast+]
-かける
in the middle of; unfinished
[Vmas+]
は言うまでもなく
Not to mention---; let alone
わけにはいけない
have no choice but to---
[Vnonpast+]
たあげく
After much ---
[Vpast+]
ばかりか
not just, but also
だけあって
because of, as expected---
はもちろん
not only [obvious], but also [less expected]
によると
according to
をおいて
apart from ---
にほかならない
nothing other than---
に伴って (ともなって)
to be associated with
にして
only because of
[yori]ほかない
nothing to do but
[Vdict+]
かのようだ
like, as if
からして
for a start
に応じて
depending on; in accordance with; in answer to
につけ
each time, every time
ぬき
without
たとえ。。。(でも)
even if/even as
dictようにしています
I try to...
AにくわえてBも
B in addition to A
motozuite
based on A (i.e. the law, the facts)
AにあたってB
B when doing A (special events, not everyday)
Aにかぎり
Only A
AにかぎっらずB
Not only A but B