Study your flashcards anywhere!

Download the official Cram app for free >

  • Shuffle
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Alphabetize
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Front First
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Both Sides
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Read
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
Reading...
Front

How to study your flashcards.

Right/Left arrow keys: Navigate between flashcards.right arrow keyleft arrow key

Up/Down arrow keys: Flip the card between the front and back.down keyup key

H key: Show hint (3rd side).h key

A key: Read text to speech.a key

image

Play button

image

Play button

image

Progress

1/8

Click to flip

8 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
V(plain)ようにする
"to make an effort to do something."

日本語は毎日勉強するようにしてください。
Please try to study Japanese every day.
V(stem)始める
"begin V-ing"
私が日本語を勉強し始めたのは一年前です。

It was a year ago that I started studying Japanese.
V(stem), S
Vstem form used in place of V-て
Question word + -ても
indicates "no matter what/when/who/where/how often"

東京はどこへ行って人でこんでいます。
Tokyo is crowded with people no matter where you go.
ーを始め
starting with --, including --

アメリカではフットボールを始めバスケットボールアイスホッケーなどのスポーツもさかんです。
In America, sports such as basketball and ice hockey, not to mention football, are popular.
-的
-type, -ic, -ical
forms adjectives from nouns

黒沢は世界的に有名監督である。
Kurosawa is a world-famous director
何と言っても
undeniably; no doubt; by any account

日本の映画館等の中で最も有名なのは、何と言っても黒沢明だろう。
The most famous movie director in Japan by any account is Akira Kurosawa.
面白いことに
introduces the content of what is interesting in the remainder of the sentence

面白いことにアメリカの大学では先生が学生をファーストネームで呼んでいるのだ。
It is interesting that teachers call students by their first names at American universities.