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27 Cards in this Set

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Aristotle
one of the greatest of the ancient Athenian philosophers; pupil of Plato; teacher of Alexander the Great
St. Francis of Assisi
an Italian and the Roman Catholic monk who founded the Franciscan order of friars
Savonarola
was a Dominican priest and, briefly, ruler of Florence, who was known for religious reformation and anti-Renaissance preaching and his book burning and destruction of
Neo-Platonism
Neoplatonism (also Neo-Platonism) is an ancient school of philosophy beginning in the 3rd century A.D.
Humanism
is the spirit of learning that developed at the end of the middle ages with the revival of classical letters and a renewed confidence in the ability of human beings to determine for themselves truth and falsehood.
Iconography
the analysis of works of art through the study of the meanings of symbols and the images in the context of the contemporary culture.
Fresco
the technique of painting on the plaster surface of a wall or ceiling while it is still damp so that the pigments become fused with the plaster as it dries.
Chiaroscuro
the subtle gradation of light and shadow used to create the effects of three dimensionality.
Foreshortening
the use of perspective to represent a single object extending back in space at an angle to the picture plane.
Corinthian Order/Column,Ionic Order/Column, & Doric Order/Column
one of the architectural systems used by the Greeks and Romans to decorate and define the post-and-lintel system of construction
Pediment
triangular feature placed as a decoration over doors and windows.
Entablature
the portion of Classical architectural Order above the capital of a column.
Contrapposto
A stance of the human body in which one leg bears the weight, while the other is relaxed, creating an asymmetry in the hip-shoulder axis.
Latin Cross
a cross in which the vertical arm is longer than the horizontal arm, though
the mid point of which it passes.
Elevation
an architectural diagram showing the exterior (or, less often, interior) surface of a building as if projected onto a vertical plane.
Nave
in basilicas and churches, the long narrow central area used to house the congregation.
Transept
a cross arm in a Christian church, placed at the right the nave.
Triumphal Arch
a monumental archway; usually they are built to commemorate some notable victory
Trompe l’oeil
illusionistic painting that “deceives the eye” with an appearance of reality
Studiolo
Private room where painting took place. Hang out spot for artist.
Sfumato
a definition of form by delicate gradations of light and shadow
Linear Perspective
A mathematical system devised during the Renaissance to create the illusion of depth in a two-dimensional image, through the use of straight lines converging towards a vanishing point in the distance.
Atmosphere Perspective
a technique for creating the illusion of distance by the use of less distinct contours and a reduction of colors intensity.
Ignudi
Nude Figures (Italian)
Grisailles
a monochromatic painting (usually in shades of black and gray to simulate stone
Glaze
in oil painting, a layer of translucent paint or varnish, sometimes applied over another color or ground. So that light passing through it is reflected back by the lower surface
Sacra Conversazione
refers to a depiction of the Madonna, baby Jesus and saints depicted together and conversing.