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55 Cards in this Set

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Medium
any method or material from which art is made
Fine Art
methods done purely for the purpose of experssing an idea, but which have no functional purpose byond that expression
Applied Art
those that both express an idea as well as serve some functional purpose
Form
what we see when we look at a piece of art (color, carving, etc.)
Content
the message or meaning behind what we see
Subject
recognizable or namable themes or objects to which the viewer responds
Style
common traits linking a piece of art to other pieces produced during the same period
Realism/Naturalism
art that depicts the objects as they appear
Stylized
art that simplifies the subject into basic characteristics that contribute to its meaning
Idealized
reproduces the world not as it is, but as it should be
Relief sculpture
projects from a flat background - meant to be looked at head on
Sculpture in the round/freestanding sculpture
meant to be seen from all sides when viewing - walk around
Composition
orderly arrangement of the visual components or shapes on the page
Space
two dimensional equivalent of volume
Linear perspective
visual concept based on the idea that parallel lines converge as they move farther away
Atmospheric or aerial perspective
where as objects recede in space the moisture and dust in the air make them appear lighter and bluer
Value
relative lightness or darkness of the subject
Scale
refers to the overall size of a work of art
Proportion
refers to the size relationship of parts in a work of art
Texture
tactile quality of the surface of an object
Paleolithic
art of stone age man - took the form of painting on cave walls and small sculptures of humans and animals from bone, stone, and clay - primary focus was on survival
Lascaux
caves that were found with calcium deposits covering the paintings
Twisted perspective
where the head is painted in profile, but shows both horns
tectiforms
symbols that are painted and carved into the cave walls
Mesolithic
lots of humans depicted both singly and in groups - depict man as simplified stick figures - show more informative in body and tools
Neolithic
the first architecture was created during this stage of human development
Megalith
large architectural forms made of stone
Cromlech
arrangment of huge stones in a circle often surrounded by a ditch
Post and lintel
two vertical posts that support one horizontal lintel
stonehenge
found at salisbury plain, England - an aexample of a megalith
Mesopotamia
found in present day Iran and Iraq - contributed writing, monumental architecture and early political systems
Sumer
made up of a dozen or so independent city-states
cuniform
an early writing system based on pictures
ziggurat
center of economic, political, and civic life of the city
stele
a large stone set in the ground and used to commemorate victory
Gudea
priest of Lagash
Hammurabi
most famous leader of Babylonians and developer of first written code of law
Babylonian
peaceful, cultured people
Assyrian
warlike, cruel people - built walled fortresses around their palaces
lamassu
served as guardians of the palace
Persian
known as the great copiers of art history
Egyptian
religian and perminance characterize egyptain culture
Rosetta stone
became the key to unlocking the secrets of ancient Egypt - allowed them to translate hieroglyphics
Hieroglyphic
a type of picture writing
register
ground lines for organizing space
cannon
a fixed formula for representing human figures
hieractical proportion
figures are sized by their rank
Ka
spirit or soul
mastaba
housed a funerary temple and a burial chamber
stepped pyramid
several mastabas stacked on top of one another
imhotep
first known artist name in history
Hatshepput
first female monarch
Tutankhamen
a boy king who ruled for only seven years - tomb was not plundered by grave robbers
Why did the paelolithics paint?
trying to control the animals or possibly for training young hunters
What materials did the Paleolithics use to paint with?
they used their hands, reeds, bones, and plants to paint or blow the paint on the wall