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72 Cards in this Set

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Elements of Art
All the parts in a composition. The building blocks used by the artist when producing works of art.
Line
Color
Shape
Value
Space
Form
Texture
Principles of Art / Design
Guidelines that organize all the parts of the composition.Refers to the different ways that the elements of art can be used in a work of art.
Balance
Emphasis
Contrast
Variety
Rhythm
Harmony
Gradation
Proportion
Art
Basic form of human communication. Means by which people, past and present, express themselves in unique sights and sounds that capture the interest, imagination, and appreciation of others.
line
Element of art that refers to the continuous mark made on some surface by a moving point.
Vertical line
straight up and down, strength and stability
Horizontal line
side to side, calmness
Diagonal line
slanted line, suggests tension
contour line
Lines that define the outer edge of objects.
Stippling
series of dots placed with a purpose. closer= darker, farther=lighter
Hatching
series of parallel lines
Cross-Hatching
series of crossed parallel lines
Linear artworks
place great importance on contours or outlines
Painterly artworks
contour lines disappear with blurred edges and easily scene brush strokes.
Gesture Drawing
The act of making a sketch with relatively loose arm movements (gestures)
color
Element of art made up of 3 distinct qualities: hue, intensity, value.
spectrum
band of colors — a range of various kinds of light which might originate from any particular source, such as is produced when sunlight is refracted and dispersed by a prism
sir isaac newton
Scientist that discovered the Spectrum of colors by using a white light through a prism.
primary
Red, Yellow, and Blue
secondary
Orange, Green, and Violet
tertiary
RO,YO,RV,BV,BG,YG
analogous
Colors beside each other on the color wheel
complimentary
Colors opposite each other on the color wheel.
monochromatic
one color with various values
warm colors
red-Orange, Orange, Yellow, Red-Violet, Yellow-Orange; related to anger, fire, hot
cool colors
BG, B,BV,V, G; related to calmness and coolness
shape
Element of art referring to a 2-dimensional area clearly set off by one or more of the other visual elements such as color, value, line, texture, and space.
geometric shape
Geometric designs are typically made with straight lines or shapes from geometry, including circle, ovals, triangles, rectangles, squares, and other quadrilaterals
organic shape
Irregular or free-form shapes
space
Element of art that refers to the distance or area between, around, above, below, or within things.
linear perspective
A system of drawing or painting in which the artist attempts to create the illusion of spatial depth on a two-dimensional surface.
aerial perspective
Depth and volume on a flat surface created by using hue, value, and intensity to show distance in a painting.
Negative space
empty area; no space occupied
Positive space
completed area; takes up space
value
Gradually going from extreme dark to extreme light.
form
length, width, depth; 3Dimensional
texture
The way something feels or looks like it feels.
Variety
Principle of art, referring to combining elements in complicated ways. Many different hues, values, lines, textures, and shapes in one composition.
Balance
Principle of art, it refers to a way of combining art elements to create a feeling of stability in a work.
symmetrical balance
same on both sides; mirror image
radial balance
balance that occurs when objects are positioned around a central point.
Emphasis/Focal point
Creates a focal point in a composition.
Contrast
extreme different elements put side by side.
Rhythm
repetition of elements to produce look and feel of movement.
Harmony
Principle of art, it refers to a way of combining similar elements to accent their similarities.
gradation
gradual changes in the elements of art fading slowly
Proportion
principle of art concerned with the relationship of certain elements to the whole.
Art criticism
Ways of looking at art that will help increase your understanding and appreciation of art.
4 Steps of art criticism
Studying, understanding, and judging works of art.
Describe, Analyze, Interpret, Judge
Step 1 of art criticism:
Describe
Sensory qualities: the art elements (line, color, value, texture, shape, form, and space).
Literal qualities: Size of the work, medium, process, subject matter, objects, all details.
Step 2 of art criticism:
Analyze
Critic focuses on the way the composition is organized using the principles of art.
Step 3 of art criticism:
Interpret
Critic focuses on the work’s content. The Expressive qualities.
Step 4 of art criticism:
Judge
Critic tells whether the work is successful or not based on an aesthetic view.
Typography
The design, arrangement, style, and appearance of type
Logo
a name, symbol, or trade mark designed by a graphic designer for easy and definite recognition.
Thumbnail Sketch
A very small and loose drawing. Used for brainstorming ideas.
Mandala
Any of various radial geometric designs symbolic of the universe, traditionally used in Hinduism and Buddhism as an aid to meditation.
Tempera paint
water based paint, pigments mixed with non permanent binder. In past, binder was egg.Used in our batik paintings.
Ceramics
Clay products that have been fired for permanence. Pottery
Pinch Pots
pottery made from pinching up the clay to form a bowl.
Coil Pottery
Long strands of clay which are laid on top of each other and joined through blending coil to coil.
Earthenware Clay
low-fire clay; porous and not waterproof, must be glazed to be functional.
Stoneware Clay
A high-fire clay. Stoneware is waterproof even without glaze; the resulting ware is sturdier than earthenware.
Moist Clay
Mud; moist, sticky dirt; ingredients — fine-grained, firm earthy material that is plastic when wet, brittle when dry, and very hard when heated.
Leather hard
A damp condition of the clay when it is too firm to bend yet soft enough to be carved.
bone dry
Unfired clay ready or nearly ready for firing.
Firing
Clay is hardened by heating it to a high temperature, fusing the clay particles.
Bisque
Clay that has been fired once, usually at a low temperature.
Glazing
A coating of material applied to ceramics before firing that forms a glass-like surface.
Kiln
The furnace in which ceramics are fired.
Sculpture in the Round
viewed from all sides, therefore sculptor makes every side interesting and complete.
Relief Sculpture
a type of sculpture that has forms that extend into space from a single plane.
Sequence of the Ceramic Process:
1.Moist clay
2.Leather hard
3.Bone dry
4.Fire in Kiln
5.Bisque
6.Glaze
7.Final Fire in the Kiln