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35 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
boundary between European Russia and Asia Russia
Ural Mountains
between the black sea and the Caspian Sea
Caucasus Mountains
Russia's highest peak; 18,510ft
Mount Elbrus
1,600 to 2,300 feet in elevation
Central Siberian Plateau
in eastern Russia; has more than 100 volcanoes
Kamchatka Peninsula
about 75% of the Russian population live here
North European Plain
flat, poorly drained, with swamps and lakes
Northern part
navigable waterways and rich, black topsoil
Southern part
rich, black topsoil found in the southern half of the North European Plain
world's largest area of flat land; 1 million square miles
Western Siberian Plain
______ has the longest continuous coastline of any country in the world
important warm water sea that flows into the Mediterranean
Black Sea
largest inland body of water in the world; really a saltwater lake
Caspian Sea
in southern Siberia, oldest and deepest lake in the world; has 20% of the world's total freshwater supply
Lake Baikal
Lake Baikal has been polluted for years by runoff from _____ and ____ _________
paper and pulp factories
Russians use their long rivers for:
• Draining and irrigating large areas of land
• Transporting routes
• Sources of electric power
most important river in European Russia
Volga River
Siberia has a lot of marches and swamps because:
Most rivers flow northward and are frozen for most of the year
forms the border between Russia and China
Russia has:
• huge reserves of mineral fuels
• Large petroleum deposit
• 16% of world's coal deposits
• World's largest producer of natural gas
• leads world in producing hydroelectricity
Only __% of Russia land can support agriculture
permanent frozen layer of soil beneath the surface of the ground
from Ukraine to SW Siberia - 250 million acres of fertile land
Black Earth Belt
Region where the leading producer of wheat, rye, barley, beets is:
Black Earth Belt
_/_ (20%) of the world's remaining forests lie in Russia - mostly in Siberia
forests are shrinking due to __________ _______
commercial logging
_______ ________ is important to the Russian diet and economy
Fishing industry
vast treeless plains far to the north
is the dominant climate region in Russia
Subarctic Climate
Snow covers the ground nearly 3/4 of the year in _________
a forest that covers 40% of European Russia and extends into Siberia
Two major climate zone of the region are:
humid continental and subarctic
both coniferous and deciduous trees
Mixed forest
largest forest region in the world
thick clumps of trees and wide open spaces