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13 Cards in this Set

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boundary that seperates regions in which different language uses predominate

Universalizing religion

Religions that attempt to be global, to appeal to all people, wherever they may live in the world, not just to those of one culture or location.

Ethnic religion

Religions that appeal primarily to one group of people living in on place.


A literal interpretation and a strict and intense adherence to basic principles of a religion.

Culture complex

A related set of culture traits descriptive of one aspect of a society's behavior or activity (may be assoc. with religious beliefs or business practices).

Culture realm

A collective of culture regions sharing related culture systems; a major world area having sufficient distinctiveness to be perceived as set apart from other realms in terms of cultural characteristics and complexes.

Environmental determinism

Geography is the study of how the physical environment caused human activities.

Agriculture theory

with increased food supply and increased population, speakers from the hearth of Indo-European languages migrated into Europe

Renfrew Model

three areas in and near the first agricultural hearth, gave rise to three language families: Indo-European, Arabic Languages, and mid-eastern languages


Office established in succession to the Prophet Muhammad, to rule the Islamic empire;

Aya Tollah

A high-ranking Shiite religious leader who is regarded as an authority on religious law and its interpretation and who has political power as well

Cultural ecology

Geographic approach that emphasizes human-environment relationships.

Cultural leg

when a group is unresponsive to innovations or changes in their environment, the group is experiencing: