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14 Cards in this Set

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Rule of Law

The fundamental principle that society is governed by laws applying to all persons and that neither any person nor the government is above the law

Metis

French speaking descendants of fur traders/voyageurs and aboriginal peoples

Case Law/Common Law

A type of law developed in England that is based on following previous judicial decisions and is common to all the people of a country

Statute Law

Laws passed by legislatures

Crown Attorney:

A lawyeremployed by the state to prosecute a criminal offence

Apartheid:

A former policy of the South African government that involved discrimination and segregation directed against non-whites

Entrenched in the constinution

Forming part the constitution, and amended only through the formal constitutional process

Ad hoc organization

An organization created for a specific purpose

National organization

An organization that represents a particular group of people on a permanent basis and has more than one purpose or goal

Royal Commission

Board of inquiry appointed by the government to investigate and report on a particular issue

Intervenor

An individual, agency, or group of people not directly involved in a case but who, as a third party, has a special interest in its outcome; sometimes called "friends of the court"

Exculpating Factor

A factor that clears a defendant of blame

Precedent

A legal decision that is taken as a guide for subsequent cases

Civil Disobedience

A peaceful form of protest by which a person refuses to obey a particular law on a matter of conscinece