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11 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
What is Real Definitions
-seeks to describe the true nature of the concept
-eg, intelligence is "the ability to judge well, to understand well, and to reason well".
What is Operational Definitions
-Translate a real definition into measurable units that determine a construct's relative presence or absence
-eg, intelligence is a person's score across nonverbal and verbal items of the SB-5
What is Galton's work on Sensory Keenness?
-theory that intelligence was underwritten by keen sensory abilities (eg, reaction time)
-psychometric dead end
-vestiges of this approach appear in modern chronometric (reaction time and movement time) analysis of intelligence
Describe Spearman's work on intelligence
-came up with g factor
-pervasive energy/power
-serves whole index
-allegedly underlines all aspects of intelligence
-specific factors
-localized ability
-linked to clusters of neurons (bogus)
-Spearman helped invent factor analysis to see how many factors account for observed correlations between tests
Describe Thurstone's work on intelligence
-Came up with Primary Mental Abilities (PMAs)
-from factor analysis he found 7 factors
-Thurstone concedes to a g factor
-Thurstone and Spearman differ in emphasis
Describe Cattell-Horm-Carroll (CHC) Theory
-intelligence consists of pervasive, broad, and narrow abilities that are hierarchically organized
-Broad Ability Factors
-Invariant across age, ethnicity, and gender
Describe Gardner's Theory
-Called Gardner's Theory of Multiple Intelligneces
Describe Sternberg's theory
-called Sternberg's Triarchic Theory of Intelligence
-COMPONENTIAL (Analytical) intelligence
-EXPERIENTIAL (Creative) Intelligence
-CONTEXUAL (Practical) intelligence
What is Expert's opinions on Intelligence?
1. Verbal Intelligence
2. Problem Solving Ability
3. Practical Intelligence
What is Layperson's opinions on Intelligence?
1. Practical Problem Solving
2. Verbal Ability
3. Social Competence
What is Fluid Intelligence?
A type of intelligence involved in solving novel problems, independent of acquired knowledge