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19 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back

Summarizes the ideas of Copernicus

The Earth orbits the sun

Descartes summarized his philosophy with the phrase

"i think, therefore i am."

The theory of Montesquieu was called separation of powers because it separated government.

into three branches, all equal power.

Summarizes the idea of Rousseau

People should pay more attention to their feelings.

what inventions helped early European explores navigate at sea except the

steam engine

The compass helped Europeans navigate at sea, its magnetized needle points to the magnetic.


Europeans learned about the astrolabe through contact with.

Arab traders

News of the invention of gunpowder traveled from china westward by way of the

silk road

European explores first used gunpowder to take enslaves captives in

west africa

During the 1600s and 1700s, most of the europe was ruled by unlimited governments. What is an example of an unlimited government?

absolute monarchy

The roots of our system of government date back to


The magna carta limited english government by establishing certain rights.

right to a trial by jury

The Stuart rulers of England came to power in 1603. They angered many English citizens with their belief in

the idea of divine right

during the English Restoration. Parliament

returned the monarchy to England

documents established these rights and freedoms?

English bill of rights

during the 1600 and 1700 nearly every European ruler held absolute or unlimited power

Queen Elizabeth I

peter I also known as peter the great used his unlimited power to strengthen Russia. He did this by

freeing the serfs, or peasants

During the enlightenment many people placed their faith in


the English civil was and the execution of King Charles i led one political thinker to declare that people could not be trusted

thomas hobbs