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15 Cards in this Set

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  • Back

Harriet Tubman

Former slave, abolitionist. “Conductor” on the Underground Railroad- led over 300 slaves to freedom.

Frederick Douglass

Was a former slave that became an abolitionist. He wrote many books- including multiple autobiographies telling about his life as a slave. He became very famous for his work, many lectures (ranging from speeches about women’s rights to speeches about abolitionism), and eventually became an advisor to the president of the U.S.

Samuel Morse

Invented Morse Code and the telegraph. Telegraph: Morse Code was tapped out and sent through wires by electricity, the message was received almost instantly on the other end.

Nationalism

Pride, loyalty to one’s county

Abolition

The movement to end slavery

Robert Fulton

Invented a steamboat that could move against the wind/ current

Eli Whitney

Invented the Cotton Gin. Speeds up cotton production, farmers and plantation owners benefit- they can produce more (cotton) faster.

Cotton Gin

* Invented by Eli Whitney in 1793.


* separates seeds from cotton


* increased cotton production in the U.S.


* increased slavery

John Deere

Invented a light- weight plow with a steel cutting edge

“Underground Railroad”

A network of African American and white abolitionists who offered shelter, protection, and guidance to run away slaves seeking freedom in Canada.

Lowell

Birthplace of the Industrial Revolution in the U.S.

Working conditions in factories/ mills

* Young children, as young a 4, worked at the factories for very low wages


* loud and dangerous


* long hours


* poor air quality- brown lung disease


* Many “Mill Girls”- earned less than $3 for a 60 hour work week. Factory controlled their lives (“clock time”, curfew, church)

Middle Passage

The trip from Africa to the Americas. Slaves were kidnapped from Africa and chained down in boats filled with hundreds of other people. Conditions were terrible: they were only given enough water and food to survive, they would lie in their own filth for hours, they were sometimes forced to “dance” to keep up their strength. Many African slaves died on this journey from disease/ infection, starvation, or suicide.

Industrial Revolution

Factory machines replaced hand tools, and large- scale manufacturing replaced farming as the main form of work

Mills

Factories where textiles were manufactured, young women worked there