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9 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back

The maintenance of romantic relationships

My husband didn't actually maintain

Social exchange theory

Behaviour is a series of exchanges on rewards, profit and costs. Each person tries to maximise their rewards as well as limiting their costs giving them an overall profit or loss. Exchange is when the person feels they need to get back it replaces the relationships will last a long time if the individual stays in profit previous relationships actors comparisons as do expectations and alternatives

Equity theory

Also believes relationships are based on a series of exchanges they try to minimise costs and maximise records but not to be equal it's over under benefiting may create problems they may try getting back into balance to resolve the relationship it depends on the input and output ratio

Mills and Clark

Proposed there are two types of partners the communal and the exchange communal just respond to others needs and exchange keep track of rewards and costs therefore the social exchange theory may not be applicable to all relationships

Hatfield et al

I asked people in relationships about their profits and losses says they found that those who want to benefited feel angry over benefited felt guilty they both wanted to end the relationship


Studied 15,000 US couples and found that women who under benefited often ended the marriage

Argyle et al

Stated that studies of gender bias. Found that over benefiting was less satisfying to women than men and found that under satisfy was more tolerable by men

Problems with research

Difficult to generalise because only done on heterosexual relationships and difficult to quantify some factors therefore difficult to prove a profit or loss

I D a

Reductionist as it bases relationships on purely economic factors and does not account when in a loss or other alternatives are present. Results are culturally biased as Moghaddam et Al found that the US preferred equity where as Europe preferred equality