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10 Cards in this Set

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Family diversity means that, at any one time, no one type of family is dominant. Before the 1980's sociologists believed that this was not the norm but Anderson (1980) argued that it has always been the norm.

Willmott (1988) believes that dispersed extended family is the norm.

But Brannen (2003) believes that the Beanpole family is now the norm.

This proves that sociologists argue that there is only one type of family.

Thorne (American feminist - 1992) believes that people have different experiences of family based on:

- gender

- generation

- race

- class

- age

Gender =

- gender roles in families (mummy's girl, daddy's boy etc)

Age =

- parent and child relationships

- clashing of personalities

Dual burden

parents are still working but also looking after the children

Oakley (1982) says that marketing and advertising companies have tried to sell products to what 'typical' families.

e.g. always showing a typical nuclear family enjoying a product

These are called Cereal Packet families.

It shows us that advertising is still portraying to society that a nuclear family is the norm and is conventional.

It also will make someone who's family is not like this feel very odd and out of place.

Household types increasing in Britain from

1971 - 2008 are...

- one person households under pension age

- one person households over pension age

- couple only households

- lone parent households

- lone parent households with dependent children

- lone parent families with non-dependent children

Household types decreasing in Britain from

1971 - 2008 are...

- one family households with 1-2 dependent children

- one family households with 3 or more dependent children

- one family households with non-dependent children

- households with 2 or more unrelated adults

Organisational diversity

variations in family structure, household type, and the division of labour in the home

- lone parent families

- dual earner families

- cohabiting families

- reconstituted families

Cultural diversity

differences in lifestyles between families of different backgrounds, etc.


- British Asian and White British (size of family)

- Catholic and Protestant families

- British and Polish families

Class diversity

differences in social class between families


- upper class

- middle class

- working class

this might impact relationships between adults and the way that the children are brought and socialised.

Stage in the life-cycle

differences in the stage you have reached in life


- newly married couples without children and couples with dependent families

- empty nest families and newly married couples