• Shuffle
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Alphabetize
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Front First
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Both Sides
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Read
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off

Card Range To Study



Play button


Play button




Click to flip

Use LEFT and RIGHT arrow keys to navigate between flashcards;

Use UP and DOWN arrow keys to flip the card;

H to show hint;

A reads text to speech;

26 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back

Nucleic Tide

In a nucleic acid chain, a sub-unit that consists of a sugar, a phosphate, and a nitrogenous base.

Fatty Acid

An organic acid that is contained in lipids, such as fats or oils.

Functional Group

The portion of a molecule that is in a chemical reaction and that determines the properties of many organic compounds.


A long chain of several amino acids.


A single molecule that can combine with other like or unlike molecules to make a polymer.

Amino Acid

An organic molecule that contains a carboxyl and an amino group and that makes up proteins; a protein monomer.


A large, nonpolar, organic molecule including fats and steroids; stores energy and makes up cell membranes.

Condensation Reaction

Monomers link to form polymers and release water.

Inorganic Compound

Does not contain carbon atoms.


A lipid that contains phosphorus and that is a structural component in cell membranes.

RNA (Ribonuecleic acid)

A natural polymer that is present in all living cells and that plays a role in protein synthesis.

Nucleic Acid

An organic compound, either DNA or RNA, whose molecules are made up of one or two chains of nucleic tides and carry genetic information.


A large molecule that is formed by more than five monomers, or small units.


One of the carbohydrates made up of long chains of simple sugars; including starch, cellulose, and glycogen.

Active Site

The site on an enzyme that attaches to a substrate.


Any organic compound that is made of carbon, hydrogen, and oxygen, and that provides nutrients to the cells of living things. 1:2:1 ratio.

Peptide Bond

The chemical bond that forms between the carboxyl group of one amino acid and the amino group of another amino acid.


A simple sugar that is the basic sub-unit, or monomer, of a carbohydrate.

Organic Compound

A covalently bonded compound that contains carbon, excluding carbon dioxide.


Water is used to break down polymers into simpler substances.

ATP (Adenosine Triphosphate)

A compound that stores a large amount of energy; made of 3 phosphate atoms that provide energy for cell processes.

DNA (Deoxyribonucleic acid)

The material that contains the information that determines inherited characteristics.


An organic compound that is made of one or more chains of amino acids and that is a principal component of all cells; provides structure.


A type of lipid that consists of four carbon rings to which various functional groups are attached and that usually has a physiological action.


A very large organic molecule, usually a polymer, composed of hundreds or thousands of atoms.


A type of protein or RNA molecule that speeds up metabolic reactions in plants and animals without being permanently changed or destroyed.