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20 Cards in this Set

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  • Back
Best Interest of the Child

The guiding principle and primary focus of juvenile courts.

Crime Control Model

A conceptualization of criminal justice system characterized by an emphasis on aggressive crime suppression and control.

Deinstitutionalization

The process of moving residents of institutions, such as state hospitals, into the community.

Doctrine of Proportionality

The legal doctrine that the punishment should fit the crime rather than being too lenient or too harsh.

Due Process Model

A conceptualization of criminal justice system d characterized by an emphasis on protecting civil liberties.

Extralegal Factors

Factors that exist outside of the law or that are contrary to the law.

Informal Diversion

The removal of a person from the criminal justice system or the juvenile justice system such that they do not have a criminal conviction and criminal record.

Juvenile Court Act of 1899

An Illinois law that established America's first Juvenile Court in Chicago.

Juvenile Delinquency

Violations of law committed by juveniles.

Juvenile Delinquency Prevention Act of 1968

A federal law aimed at creating community-level responses to juvenile delinquency.

Parens Patriae

A Latin legal phrase referring to the power of the government to provide guardianship of those (especially children) in need of care or supervision.

Parole Board

A panel of people that decide whether a prisoner should be released on parole after a minimum sentence has been served.

Partisan Politics

Political decision making guided by party interests and ideology.

Policy

A set of guiding principles adopted by an organization.

Politicized

Causing something to become political in character.

Politics

The activities associated with government as well as the public debates surrounding these activities.

Preponderance of the Evidence

An evidentiary standard in civil cases where the party to a case with the most compelling (convincing) evidence wins.

Sheriff

The chief law enforcement officer of a county; the office originated in feudal England as the shire-reeve.

Static

Unchanging

Waiver

The transfer of a juvenile to adult court, denying the juvenile the special treatment afforded by the juvenile court.