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29 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back

Structure of the Hindbrain

Medulla, pons, cerebellum and brainstem.

Structure of the Midbrain

Reticular formation.

Structure of the Forebrain

Cerebrum, hypothalamus and thalamus.

Structure of the frontal lobe

Primary motor cortex and Broca's area.

Structure of the parietal lobe

Primary somatosensory cortex.

Structure of the occipital lobe

Primary visual cortex.

Structure of the temporal lobe

Primary auditory cortex and Wernicke's area.


Higher brain function - perception, imagination and memory.


Sleeping, regulation of body temperature, expression of emotions and 4 F's (feeding, fighting, fleeing and fornication)


Located beneath the cerebral cortex, split into two egg shaped parts, one in each hemisphere. The 'communications centre' of the brain - it receives information from the ears, eyes, skin and other sensory organs (except the nose).

Reticular formation

Found in the brain stem - important in the control of arousal and the sleeping and waking cycle.


Receives information from the pons. Coordinates the sequence of body movement.


Controls breathing, heart rate and digestion.

Cerebral cortex

Responsible for memory, language, regulation of emotions, receiving information from the environment, problem solving and planning.

Corpus Callosum

A set of neural fibres that connect the left and right hemispheres of the brain and allow them to communicate with each other.


Controls movement, breathing, sleeping, dreams and waking.


Initiates and processes emotional responses and forms emotional memories.


Long-term memory and spatial awareness.

Broca's Area

The speech production centre of the brain (located in the left frontal lobe).

Wernicke's Area

Responsible for language interpretation and creating grammatically correct speech (located in the left temporal lobe).

Prefrontal cortex

High level cognitive functions, social interaction, awareness, behaviour and inhibiting inappropriate behaviour, making plans and predicting outcomes.


Meaning opposite - each hemisphere is responsible for contralateral sides of the body.

Primary motor cortex

Controls movements.

Primary somatosensory cortex

Receives information from the sense receptors in the skin.

Primary auditory cortex

Receives sound information from the ears.

Primary visual cortex

Receives visual information from the eyes.

Two main functions of the thalamus

Processes sensory stimuli in the environment and determines which of the sensory information is the most important to pay attention to.

Left hemisphere

Thought to be responsible for processes such as language, maths and writing.

Right hemisphere

Thought to be responsible for processes such as music appreciation and art appreciation.