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4 Cards in this Set

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AO1: Robertson and Robertson

Visiting arrangements


John put in a daycare facility whilst his mum was having a baby, he became detached from his parents and hostile towards his mother. Disruption has negative effects on relationships so visiting times are relaxed in children's hospitals to have regular contact and comfort.

AO1: Hodges and Tizzard

Adoption


In the past, mothers who were going to give up a baby for adoption were encouraged to nurse the baby for significant amounts of time. By the time the child was adopted the sensitive period may have passed. Hodges and Tizzard found that privation has negative effects on children. They found that 70% children who did not make attachments were 'unable to care deeply about anyone'. This is why babies are adopted within the first week of birth;so they can make attachments asap. Foster homes would have to make this decision

AO2: Criticism of Robertson and Robertson

Bowlby


Studied children who had TB and were hospitalised. Some recovered quite well when assessed in late adolescence. This shows that disruption of attachment may not affect all children in the same way. Therefore, R&R research may have had no influence on visiting times, rather, the parents were worried and just wanted to spend time with their children.

AO2: Criticism of R&R

Nursing Times in 1952 found that 25% childrens hospitals allowed faily visiting and 12% prohibited visiting. They say that children seemed happy and got more distressed when their parents visited. Therefore, R&R, may not have had a large influence, if they did have any.