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42 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back

Capital Punishment, biases

geographical - Michigan v. Indiana

child v adult

Homelessness & Mental Illness

homelessness can cause mental illness

Colonialism [Sun Never Sets]

taken over countries and have taken most of the natural resources and cheap labor

Differential Association Theory

Why people commit crimes: through interaction with others, people learn the values, attitudes, techniques, and motives for criminal behavior

Edwin Sutherland

deviance is learned

Illegitimate Opportunity Structure

one has to have the opportunity to participate in the crime: embezzlement

Relativity of Deviance

varies historically and across cultures

negative reaction to the deviant act

Gender & Crime

men are arrested more often that women

theories to explain why: men are allowed more behavioral freedom, police are less willing to define a woman as criminal

<10% women


system by which a society ranks categories of people in a hierarchy

Global Superclass

small group of highly interconnected individuals in which wealth and power are so concentrated that they make the world's major decisions

Control Theory

inner and outer controls prevent crime

internal - values, conscience, desire to receive approval

external - people and institutions


percentage of former prisoners who are rearrested

1/2 - 2/3 repatition rate

White Collar Crime

Crimes committed by high status people in the context of their jobs.

Edward Sutherland

Medicalization of Deviance

deviance is a sign of mental illness

absolves responsibility


different types, work without proper payment


ascribed statuses: traits people possess as a result of their birth

rigid ranking - cannot change castes


achieved statuses: earn or choose, not subject to the terms of birth

social mobility

Labeling Theory

deviance is relative: it is not labeled until someone says it is

society decides what is deviant

more likely to continue deviance if labelled

Strain Theory

society causes deviance

fosters an equivalent desire to succeed among the people but society doesn't provide legitimate means

Incarceration Rate

US has highest rate of incarceration

Corporate Crime

crimes committed by business or corporation

subcategory of white-collar

Conflict Theory perspective on Deviance

(Criminal Law)

Elites control the law

Wealthy get off easier

Colonialism as an explanation for STRATIFICATION

After the colonists leave, they have left the economy in destitute

Distribution of and Distinction between Wealth and Income

Wealth - more uneven, inheritance, income acquired overtime

Income - made over a period of time

Characteristics of Poverty

minorities have it the worst

Children have the highest poverty rates


fake illness (informal term)

describes rich that get out of terms with fake medical issues

World Stratification

Most Industrialized

The Industrializing

Least Industrialized

World System Theory

impoverish countries enter into relationships with rich countries and are exploited (neocolonialism)

Culture Of Poverty Theory

culture of the poorest society holds everyone back


Synonymous with


Social Mobility




Secondary Deviance

second + deviation

labeling theory comes into play at this point

Horatio Alger

everything he ever wanted came true

Means of Production

anything that PRODUCES wealth

property, factories

Big Win

lottery winners - life is turned upside down

Key dimension of social stratification


Homelessness can cause mental illness


Forms of deviance are formalized into law


Social Mobility

person's ability to move up or down the class hierarchy

Excessive incarceration is due to

3 strikes laws

Davis - Moore Thesis

society must fill a variety of positions to ensure tat important tasks are performed

must offer rewards to motivate the most qualified

Major Characteristic of Class system

fluid boundaries

Parent Spanking a child

Informal social control