• Shuffle
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Alphabetize
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Front First
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Both Sides
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Read
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off

Card Range To Study



Play button


Play button




Click to flip

Use LEFT and RIGHT arrow keys to navigate between flashcards;

Use UP and DOWN arrow keys to flip the card;

H to show hint;

A reads text to speech;

21 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back

Strict scrutiny

A form of judicial review that requires the government to have a “compelling government interest for any law that singles out race or ethnicity”

Lochner era

A period from 1905 to 1937, during which the Supreme Court struck down laws (worker protection/minimum wage laws) that were thought to infringe on the right to contract

Stare decisis

Deciding cases on the basis of previous rulings or precedents

Majority opinion

The official statement of the court

Concurrent opinion

A statement that agrees with the majority opinion


A statement on the behalf of the justices who voted in the minority

Amicus curiae

A brief submitted by a person or group that is not a direct party to the case

Rule of four

The requirement that at least four Supreme Court judges must agree to hear a case before it comes before the court

Common law

A system of law developed by judges in deciding cases over the centuries


Judicial decisions that offer a guide to similar cases in the future

Civil law

Cases that involve disputes between two parties

Criminal law

Cases in which someone is charged with breaking the law


The party that brings the action in a lawsuit


The party that is sued in a court case

Judicial activism

A vigorous or active approach to reviewing the other branches of government

Judicial restraint

Reluctance to interfere with elected branches, only doing so as a last resort

Judicial review

The courts authority to determine whether legislative, executive, and state actions violate the constitution and overrule those that do

Circuit courts

The second stage of federal courts, which review the trial record of cases decided in district court to ensure they were settled properly

District courts

The first level of federal courts, which hear the evidence and make initial rulings


A way of resolving disputes without going to court, in which a third party (the mediator) helps two or more sides negotiate a settlement


The conduct of a lawsuit