• Shuffle
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Alphabetize
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Front First
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Both Sides
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Read
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off

Card Range To Study



Play button


Play button




Click to flip

Use LEFT and RIGHT arrow keys to navigate between flashcards;

Use UP and DOWN arrow keys to flip the card;

H to show hint;

A reads text to speech;

30 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
1. The local fire department sounds the 12 o'clock whistle. The process by which your ears transform the sound waves from the siren into neural impulses is an example of
a. interposition.
b. parallel processing.
c. transduction.
d. sensory interaction.

C. transduction
2. A subliminal message is one that is presented
a. below one's absolute threshold for awareness.
b. in a manner that is unconsciously persuasive.
c. with very soft background music.
d. repetitiously.
A. below one's absolute threshold for awareness
3. If you move your watchband up your wrist an inch or so, you will feel it for only a few moments. This best illustrates
a. parallel processing.
b. accommodation.
c. sensory adaptation.
d. Weber's law.
C. sensory adaptation
4. The wavelength of light determines its
a. retinal disparity.
b. brightness.
c. amplitude.
d. hue.

D. hue
5. Multiple ________ send combined messages to a bipolar cell, whereas a single ________ may link directly to a single bipolar cell.
a. rods; cone
b. cones; rod
c. hair cells; basilar membrane
d. basilar membranes; hair cell

A. rods; cone

6. Some stroke victims lose the capacity to perceive motion but retain the capacity to perceive shapes and colors. Others lose the capacity to perceive colors but retain the capacity to perceive movement and form. These peculiar visual disabilities best illustrate our normal capacity for
a. sensory adaptation.
b. parallel processing.
c. sensory interaction.
d. accommodation.

B. parallel processing

7. The opponent-process theory is most useful for explaining a characteristic of
a. phantom limb sensations.
b. Weber's law.
c. accommodation.
d. afterimages.

D. afterimages

8. The way in which you quickly group the individual letters in this test item into separate words best illustrates the principle of
a. closure.
b. proximity.
c. interposition.
d. perceptual constancy.

B. proximity
9. The fact that we recognize objects as having a consistent form regardless of changing viewing angles illustrates
a. interposition.
b. the phi phenomenon.
c. perceptual constancy.
d. the McGurk effect.

C. perceptual constancy

10. The Moon illusion refers to our tendency to perceive the Moon as unusually
a. large when it is near the horizon.
b. large when it is high in the sky.
c. bright when it is near the horizon.
d. bright when it is high in the sky.

A. large when it is near the horizon

11. Immanuel Kant and John Locke would have been most likely to disagree about the extent to which perception is influenced by
a. cultural experience.
b. retinal disparity.
c. accommodation.
d. relative luminance.

A. cultural experience
12. Damage to the basilar membrane is most likely to affect one's
a. vision.
b. audition.
c. sense of smell.
d. vestibular sense.

B. audition

13. Holding a heavy rather than a light clipboard leads people to perceive job candidates as more important. This best illustrates
a. Weber's law.
b. telekinesis.
c. embodied cognition.
d. the McGurk effect.

C. embodied cognition
14. Receptor cells for the vestibular sense send messages to the
a. fovea.
b. cerebellum.
c. olfactory cortex.
d. frontal lobes.

B. cerebellum

15. Psychics are unable to make millions of dollars betting on horse races. This undermines their claims to possess the power of
a. clairvoyance.
b. interposition.
c. precognition.
d. telepathy.

C. precognition

1. Interpreting new sensory information within the framework of a past memory illustrates
a. accommodation.
b. top-down processing.
c. Weber's law.
d. sensory adaptation.

B. top-down processing
2. The size of the difference threshold is greater for heavier objects than for lighter ones. This best illustrates
a. sensory interaction.
b. the volley principle.
c. Weber's law.
d. the opponent-process theory.

C. Weber's law
3. After hearing that Bryce had served a prison sentence, Janet began to perceive his friendly behavior as insincere and manipulative. This best illustrates the impact of
a. interposition.
b. retinal disparity.
c. the phi phenomenon.
d. perceptual set.

D. perceptual set

4. The central focal point in the retina where cones are heavily concentrated is known as the
a. lens.
b. optic nerve.
c. cornea.
d. fovea.

D. fovea

5. Which of the following types of cells are located in the brain's visual cortex?
a. rods and cones
b. bipolar cells
c. hair cells
d. feature detectors

D. feature detectors
6. Rules for organizing stimuli into coherent groups were first identified by
a. evolutionary psychologists.
b. behaviorists.
c. Gestalt psychologists.
d. parapsychologists.

C. Gestalt psychologists
7. The distance between our right and left eyes functions to provide us with a cue for depth perception known as
a. proximity.
b. interposition.
c. retinal disparity.
d. linear perspective.

C. retinal disparity
8. Railroad tracks appear to converge in the distance. This provides a cue for depth perception known as
a. linear perspective.
b. interposition.
c. proximity.
d. continuity

A. linear perspective
9. A door casts an increasingly trapezoidal image on our retinas as it opens, yet we still perceive it as rectangular. This illustrates
a. retinal disparity.
b. interposition.
c. shape constancy.
d. linear perspective.

C. shape constancy
10. Grass seen through sunglasses appears equally as green as it does without glasses. This best illustrates
a. Weber's law.
b. sensory interaction.
c. accommodation.
d. color constancy.

D. color constancy
11. After some practice, Carol was able to read books while holding them upside down. This best illustrates
a. perceptual adaptation.
b. perceptual constancy.
c. interposition.
d. sensory interaction.

A. perceptual adaptation
12. The cochlea is a
a. fluid-filled tube in which sound waves trigger nerve impulses.
b. fluid-filled tube that provides a sense of upright body position.
c. fluid-filled tube that provides a sense of body movement.
d. set of three tiny bones that amplify the vibrations of the earndrum.

A. fluid-filled tube in which sound waves trigger nerve impulses.
13. Nociceptors initiate the sensation of
a. color.
b. pitch.
c. taste.
d. pain.

D. pain

14. A drink's strawberry odor enhances our perception of its sweetness. This best illustrates
a. interposition.
b. sensory adaptation.
c. Weber's law.
d. sensory interaction.

D. sensory interaction
15. The sensory experience of bending one's knees or raising one's arms exemplifies
a. the vestibular sense.
b. top-down processing.
c. sensory interaction.
d. kinesthesis.

D. kinesthesis