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10 Cards in this Set

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anterograde and retrograde amnesia

can occur together or seperately, HM had both

cosolidation




how and timeline

formation of a memory trace, as the semantic network becomes stronger, more neurones become involved and make the memory stronger




occurs over a period of years

testing for retrograde amnesia

famous face test

specifics of temporal lobe amnesia


episodic, semantic, priming and skill memory

episodic memory is disrupted e.g what you had for dinner last night




semantic memory remains intact e.g what is the capital of France or understanding word meaning




skill memory intact, even though there isn't an episodic memory of learning the skill




priming intact

trace decay

- cessation of neural firing (STM)




- weakening of synapses (LTM)

forgetting: interference x2

- retroactive interference: new learning interfering with old (learning span, then italian, and span gets worse)


- proactive interference: old learning interfering with new (always park car in same park, then change it and forget)

forgetting co occurs, trace decay and?

trace distortion

doctored photos in memory test

cause memory distortion to the point that people remember various things that weren't there




--> memory is a reconstructive process

PTSD - post traumatic stress disorder




3 primary symptom clusters after events that elicited fear, helplessness or horror

- re-experiencing the event through intrusive thoughts, flashbacks, and related phenomena


- avoidance symptoms; loss of interest in social situations and deteachment


- psychophysiological reactivity in response to trauma-related stimuli, including exaggerated startle, hypervigilance, elevated perspiration and shortness of breath

Wade et al

memory distortion test with doctored photos to make it look like people had been hot air ballooning