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26 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back

Voting-Age Population

Citizens who are eligible to vote after reaching the minimum age requirement.

Registered Voters

People who are registered to vote.

Literacy Test

A requirement that citizens show that they can read before registering to vote.

Poll Tax

A requirement that citizens pay a tax in order to register to vote.

Grandfather Clause

A clause in registration laws allowing people who do not meet registration requirements to vote if they or their ancestors had voted before 1867.

White Primary

The practice of keeping blacks from voting in the southern states' primaries through arbitrary use of registration requirements and intimidation.

Australian Ballot

A government-printed ballot of uniform dimensions to be cast in secret that many states adopted around 1890 to reduce voting fraud associated with party-printed ballots cast in public.


People who tend to participate in all forms of politics.

Political Party

A group that seeks to elect candidates to public office.

Critical/Realignment Period

Periods when a major, lasting shift occurs in the popular coalition supporting one or both parties.

Split Ticket

Voting for candidates of different parties for various offices in the same election.

Straight Ticket

Voting for candidates who are all of the same party.

Office-Bloc Ballot

A ballot listing all candidates of a given office under the name of that office; also called a "Massachusetts" ballot.

Party-Column Ballot

A ballot listing all candidates of a given party together under the name of that party; also called an "Indiana" ballot.

National Convention

A meeting of party delegates held every four years.

National Committee

Delegates who run party affairs between national conventions.

Congressional Campaign Committee

A party committee in Congress that provides funds to members and would-be members.

National Chairman

Day-to-day party manager elected by the national committee.


Party leaders and elected officials who become delegates to the national convention without having to run in primaries or caucuses.

Political Machine

A party organization that recruits members by dispensing patronage.

Ideological Party

A party that values principled stands on issues above all else.

Solidary Incentives

The social rewards (sense of pleasure, status, or companionship) that lead people to join political organizations.

Sponsored Party

A local or state political party that is largely supported by another organization in the community.

Personal Following

The political support provided to a candidate on the basis of personal popularity and networks.

Two-Party System

An electoral system with two dominant parties that compete in national elections.

Plurality System

An electoral system in which the winner is the person who gets the most votes, even if he or she does not receive a majority; used in almost all American elections.