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20 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back

Viewfinder Camera

point and shoot camera or compact camera

Single Lens Reflex

An SLR has a mirror and pentaprism that allows you to use the lens for viewing and focusing

Twin Lens Reflex

- A TLR has a fixed mirror that reflects the scene upward onto a viewing screen

Specialty Cameras

underwater, panoramic, and Polaroid

Rule of Thirds

When the viewnder is divided into thirds both horizontally and vertically, the subject goes at the intersection of any two lines.


The area visible through a lens determined by where the camera is placed — bird’s eye view, worm’s eye view.


Elements within the photograph repeat themselves in a visually appealing way.


The art of capturing multiple people or things in a photograph. There is something going on in the foreground, center and the background of the picture.

Leading Lines

A technique which uses one part of the photograph to lead the viewer into another part of the subject — actual or implied lines


An object seen only as a black mass, an outline. The background is visible, but details of the object are not.


Frame the subject with elements around the subject such as other people, architectural items such as arches or doorframes. You can frame with anythi

Depth of Field

When the background of a photo is either in focus or out of focus.

Good Light

Early morning, when the sun is first rising and late afternoon/dusk when the sun is setting is the best natural light available

Fill the Frame

Avoid unplanned dead space in photos. Get close but not too close


The visual arrangement of elements in a photograph.


provide detailed information give the readers the full story not only for the now, but also for the years to come.

Attention Getter

A mini-headline that makes a direct link from the caption to the photo.

Basic Information

- The first sentence that tells who and what is happening in the photo. It uses present tense.

Complementary Information

A past tense sentence that adds information that is not readily obvious in the photo. Usually contains information that indicates the outcome or consequence of the action in the photo.

Direct Quote

- A quote from someone in the photo discussing an aspect of the event captured in the picture. Quotes capture the thoughts of those who were part of the event. Sometimes the quote swaps positions with the complimentary information.