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45 Cards in this Set

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Additive
Any material placed in a tube that maintains or facilitates the integrity and function of the sample.
Capillary Action
Adhesive molecular forces between liquid and solid materials that draw liquid into a narrow-bore capillary tube.
Fibrin Degradation Products (FDP's)
Fragments of the fibrin/clot found in the bloodstream.
Fibrinolysis
Process at the end of the clotting process that breaks down fibrin into small fragments, called FDP's that lead to disintegration of the clot.
Flea
Metal Rod used for mixing the blood sample that fits inside the capillary tube.
Hemoconcentration
Concentrating the constituents of blood by leaving the tourniquet on too long.
Hemostasis
Process of formation of a blood clot when an injury occurs and then lysing of that blood clot when the injury has been repaired.
Palpate
To search for a vein with a pressure-and-release touch.
Platelet Adhesion
The process of platelet clumps adhering to an injured area to stop bleeding.
Platelet Aggregation
The process of platelets clumping together during hemostasis.
Thixotropic Separator Gel
A gel material capable of forming an interface between the cells and fluid portion of the blood as a result of centrifugation.
Tourniquet
Any constrictor used to facilitate vein prominence. approx 1 inch wide by 15 to 18in long. Applied 3-4 inches above puncture site.
Vasoconstriction
Constriction of vessel(s) that limit blood flow.
Viscosity
Degree of thickness or resistance to flow of a substance.
Metric System Prefixes
Metric Conversion Chart
units in CC = mL
98.6¤ F = 37¤ C
Important Metric Conversions
1 kg= 2.2046 lbs
1 lb= .454 kg
0¤C= 32¤F (Freezing point of water)
100¤C= 212¤F (Water boils)
37¤C= 98.6¤F (Normal body temp)
Breathing a Syringe
Pull back on the plunger halfway up the barrel and then push the plunger back to allow the plunger to move more slowly and without the tendency to jerk when first pulled during a blood draw.
Geriatric/Pediatric Patient Draws
Syringes- no larger than 10-15 mL
Needles- 22 or 23 (can be paired with butterfly) gauge
Needle Gauges and Uses
27- PPD skin tests
25- Intermuscular injections
23- Butterfly or syringe collection
22- Syringe or evacuated system
(second most common)
21- Syringe or evacuated system (most common)
20- Syringe or evacuated system
18- IV's or blood donation
16- IV's or blood donation
Entry Angles
45¤ - radial arterial blood gas
30¤ - deep veins
15¤ - shallow veins
5¤ - butterfly collection set
Becton Dickinson Eclipse Needle
Evacuated tube system needle with an attached needle cover safety feature.
VanishPoint Holder
Needle holder with a built in safety device that automatically retracts the needle into the holder.
Evacuated Collection Tube
volume: 2-15mL
length: 65-127mm
diameter: 10mm (Peds), 13mm, and 16mm
Hemogard cap- prevents aerosols
Expiration- good till end of the month of stamp

Luer Adaptor
contains a port to attach to the butterfly in place of a needle
Activated Partial Thromboplastin Time (aPTT) Test
Measurement for the intrinsic pathway. Also used to monitor heparin therapy of an individual.
Prothrombin Time (PT) Test
Measurement for the extrinsic pathway. Also used to monitor warfarin therapy.
Intrinsic Pathway
List of factors within the coagulation cascade involving trauma within the vascular system. Factor XII, Factor XI (Calcium), Factor IX (Platelet Factor 3), Factor VIII
Extrinsic Pathway
List of factors within the coagulation cascade involving external trauma-tissue injury. Tissue Thromboplastin (Calcium), Factor VII
Hemophilia
A condition where a person lacks the necessary coagulation factors for proper clotting of bleeding injuries.
Grey Tube
Potassium Oxalate- precipitate out calcium (anticoagulant)
Sodium Fluoride- inhibits glucose breakdown to 7%/hr (preservative)
Test- blood glucose levels
Light Blue Tubes
Sodium Citrate- binds to calcium (anticoagulant)
ratio of 9-1 (full draw) blood to anticoagulant.
Tests- PT, aPTT, and fibrinogen assay

Citrate, Theophylline, Adenosine, and Dipyridamole (CTAD)
Platelet function assays
Yellow Tubes
Solutions A and B- labeled as A or B with variations of mixtures with trisodium citrate, citric acid, and dextrose.
Tests- DNA, paternity, human leukocyte antigen (HLA) phenotyping, and immunohematology testing.

Sodium Polyanethol Sulfonate (SPS)
inhibits phagocytosis of bacteria by WBC's, inhibits serum complement, inhibits certain antibiotics. Used to collect blood culture samples to examine grown bacteria.
Lavender Tubes
EDTA- binds with calcium (Anticoagulant)
Tripotassium EDTA liquid used in glass tubes
Dipotassium EDTA spray-dried powder used in plastic tubes.
Tests- CBC, Differential blood smears, microhematocrit results.
White (Pearl Top) Tube
EDTA and thixotropic gel. centrifuged amd frozen.
Tests- HIV, molecular diagnostic tests such as Polymerase chain reaction (PCR) or branched DNA amplification techniques
Royal Blue Tubes
Uses specially refined glass, plastic, and rubber to avoid loss of trace elements lead, zinc, arsenic, or copper.
No label- no anticoagulant
Green label- sodium heparin (blocks Prothrombin to Thrombin) (anticoagulant)
Lavender label- Disodium EDTA (Anticoagulant)
Must be gently inverted 5-8 times immediately after collection to mix additive.
Red Tube
No additive
Red-Grey (Tiger Top) Tube
Serum Separating Tube (SST) with clot activator
Test- Blood Type screening
Gold Tube
Separating gel and clot activator
Tests- serology, endocrine, immunology, HIV
Dark-Green Tube
Sodium heparin or lithium heparin
Tests- Ammonia, lactate, and HLA typing
Light-Green Tube
Plasma separating tube (Na heparin)
Tests- chemistries
Tan Tube
Dipotassium EDTA
Inactivates Thrombin and thromboplastin
Test- serum lead determination
Black Top
Sodium Citrate
Test- Westergren sedimentation rate; requires a full draw.
Orange Tube
Thrombin (Quickly clots blood)
Test- STAT serum chemistries
Sample Collection Tray
-Alcohol swabs
-Gauze squares or cotton balls
-Evacuated tube holders (Vacutainer)
-Assorted evacuated tubes
-Syringes
-Syringe transfer device
-Various size syringe and evacuated tube needles
-Butterfly collection sets
-Microcollection equipment
-Tourniquets
-Disposable gloves
-Sharps container
-Marking pen
Clean and dismantle once per week