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19 Cards in this Set

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integration and meaningful interpretation of sensations (higher level cortex)


when look at an organized whole establishing pattern creates meaning

Figure and ground

perceive objects as one figure and the rest in the back ground

Grouping of objects

elements are grouped into higher-order figures


things that are near each other appear to be belonging together


things that look the same appear to go together


objects appear to from a continuous pattern ex. X don't see as 2 Vs but 2 diagonal lines


tendency for our mind to automatically fill in the gap

Bottom-Up processing

perceive individual parts first and effects how we see the whole

Top-Down processing

perceive the whole first and effects how we see individual parts, can be influenced by prior knowledge, expectation. CONTEXT EFFECTS: prior experience or other stumble present


help us see in 3-D

Monocular Cues

only need one eye to use

Interposition (occlusion)

when one object obstructs another, overlapping object appears to be closer

Linear Perspective

as parallel lines gets further they seem to converge

Texture Gradients

as objects get further details are harder to see

Relative size

similar objects of same size we perceive further one as smaller and closer one as larger

Motion parallax

objects that are closer seem to move faster than objects that are further away

Binocular Cues

need two eyes to use

Binocular disparity

see images different in each eye b/c images slightly angled