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45 Cards in this Set

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  • Back
  • 3rd side (hint)
Noun:
person, place, thing, or idea.
Pronoun:
used in place of a noun.
Adjective:
describes/modifies a noun or a pronoun.
Verb:
expresses action or shows a state of being.
Adverb:
describes/modifies a verb, adjective, or other adverb.
Preposition:
shows the relation of a noun to another word in the sentence.
Conjunction:
joins other words/groups of words
Interjection: (Wow!). Since these are almost never used in medical reports, we will not spend time on interjections.
adds emotion to a sentence
Proper nouns capitalized or not
Yes
Common nourns capitalized or not
No
Where does a noun belong in a sentence
Anywhere
Three questions an adj answers
which one?, what kind?, how many ?
The patient was referred for radiation therapy.

The adjective radiation modifies the noun therapy by telling what kind of therapy.

She presented with two lesions on her cheek.

The adjective two modifies the noun lesion by telling how many lesions.

We asked her to return to this clinic on Monday.

The adjective this modifies the noun clinic by telling which clinic.

Note-Remember the word this was also a pronoun when used by itself in a sentence. It is an adjective when it precedes a noun because it modifies the noun. It’s all about the function of the word!
Possessive pronouns take the place of?
take the place of the speaker and show ownership
Personal pronoun takes what?
takes the place of a person
Relative pronoun relates to and connects what?
relates to a noun that precedes it and connects a dependent clause to a noun it relates to
Linking verb shows?
shows a state of being
Compound verb is made of
main verb plus one or more helping verbs
An adverb modifying an verb tells us 4 thing about the action
how when where or to what extent (how often/how much) the action is done
You must focus on the _________ word to know what part of speech it is in the sentence
function
A state of being verb is what kind of verb
linking verb
What part of speech answers, which one? what kind? how many?
adjective
There are how many parts of speech
8
This part of speech links words, phrases and clauses
conjunction
The amount of editing you will need to do will depend upon your account ___________
instructions
Part of speech used so infrequently that it wasn't included in course
interjection
Part of speech that shows the relation of a noun to another word in a sentence
preposition
Word or words used to modify a noun or pronoun
adjective
Word that joins other words or group of words
conjunction
adverb
Word or words to modify a verb, adjective or adverb
Word or words that express action or otherwise make a statement
verb
demonstrative pronoun points to?
a thing or person
indefinite pronoun replaces
things/people that are not specific
interrogative pronoun does what?
asks as question
personal pronoun takes the place of?
takes the place of a person
possessive pronoun does what?
shows his/her ownership and takes the place of the speaker
a prepositional phrases comprises what?
preposition, (optional adj/adv) and noun/pronoun
The best way to tell if a word is an adverb is ...
to try making a question, for which the answer is the word. If the question uses how, where or when, then the word is probably an adverb.
John plays tennis aggressively.

How does John play tennis?

Yes -- uses HOW.


They have a small house.

What kind of house do they have?

No -- uses WHAT KIND OF, so this is an adjective.


Steven called the police immediately.

When did Steven call the police?

Yes -- uses WHEN.
What are possessive pronouns?
nouns that are possessive in nature since they show ownership (specific person,place or thing) in their regular form
EX:mine, yours, his, hers, ours, theirs, whose, my,
your, its, their, her
That is her scar. — The scar is hers.
That is his box. — The box is his.
Do possessive pronouns require an apostrophe?
No
That is her scar. — The scar is hers.
That is his box. — The box is his.
What does a possessive pronoun replace?
a noun of a specific person, place, or thing
What does a possessive pronoun avoid?
repetition
Can a prepositional phrase with "of" and contains a possessive noun or pronoun be revised and why?
Yes - to remove awkwardness (unless account instructions prohibit editing of this type)
Original: His cast was removed by a friend of his sister’s physician.
The phrasing is awkward and may complicate the transcription. This could be revised for clarity.
Revised: His cast was removed by the physician of a friend of his sister.
Original: He was in contact with one of her visitors’ chaperone.
Revised: He was in contact with a chaperone of one of the visitors
The word "this" can be a pronoun when...
used by itself in a sentence - remember "FUNCTION"
This is too heavy for me.

This takes the place of whatever the thing is that is heavy. It is a demonstrative pronoun, which points to a thing or person. The other demonstrative pronouns are that, these, and those.

The word "this" can also be an adjective when....
it precedes a noun because it then modifies the noun - remember "FUNCTION"
We asked her to return to this clinic on Monday.
The adjective this modifies the noun clinic by telling which clinic.
some possessive pronouns function as adjectives when...
they modifier a noun/pronoun
She was asked to raise her arm.
Since the word her is modifying the noun arm by telling which arm, it is considered an adjective.