Study your flashcards anywhere!

Download the official Cram app for free >

  • Shuffle
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Alphabetize
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Front First
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Both Sides
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Read
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
Reading...
Front

How to study your flashcards.

Right/Left arrow keys: Navigate between flashcards.right arrow keyleft arrow key

Up/Down arrow keys: Flip the card between the front and back.down keyup key

H key: Show hint (3rd side).h key

A key: Read text to speech.a key

image

Play button

image

Play button

image

Progress

1/55

Click to flip

55 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
which structure is indicated by the brown star?

which structure is indicated by the brown star?

patella

what structure is indicated by the red star?

what structure is indicated by the red star?

medial epicondyle

what structure is indicated by the blue star?

what structure is indicated by the blue star?

medial femoral condyle

what structure is indicated by the black star?

what structure is indicated by the black star?

medial tibial condyle

what structure is indicated by the gray star?

what structure is indicated by the gray star?

tibial tuberosity

what structure is indicated by the orange star?

what structure is indicated by the orange star?

the tibia

what structure is indicated by the green star?

what structure is indicated by the green star?

the femur

what structure is indicated by the green arrow?

what structure is indicated by the green arrow?

lateral epicondyle

what structure is indicated by the red arrow?

what structure is indicated by the red arrow?

lateral condyle of femur

what structure is indicated by the grey star?

what structure is indicated by the grey star?

lateral tibial condyle

what structure is indicated by the blue arrow?

what structure is indicated by the blue arrow?

the tibial plateau

what structure is indicated by the pink star?

what structure is indicated by the pink star?

the head of the fibula

1?

1?

lateral transverse patellar retinaculum

2?

2?

Lateral longitudinal patellar retinaculum

3?

3?

medial transverse patellar retinaculum

$?

$?

medial longitudinal patellar retinaculum

5?

5?

Rectus femoris tendon of insertion

6?

6?

medial collateral ligament

7?

7?

Patellar ligament

8?

8?

lateral collateral ligament

9?

9?

head of fibula

what does the patellar ligament do?

connects the patella to the top of the tibia. Keeps patella in place, and also assists in bending knee

what is the function of the retinacula of the knee?

they reinforce the joint capsule medial and lateral to the patellar ligament

what is the function of the medial and lateral collateral ligaments

prevent knee injury by stabilizing knee and preventing them from buckling inward

what is significant about the medial collateral ligament

the medial collateral ligament is part of the "terrible trio." When great force is exerted on the lateral part of the knee, the medial collateral ligament, the medial meniscus, and the ACL will be affected. The medial meniscus will be affected because it is attached to the medial collateral ligament (the lateral meniscus is not attached to the lateral collateral ligament)

what is the function of the medial and lateral menisci?

what is the function of the medial and lateral menisci?

transfer the load from the upper leg to the lower leg and stabilize the knee during flexion, extension and during circular movements

name the structure indicated by the red star.

name the structure indicated by the red star.

the oblique popliteal ligament

what is the function of the oblique popliteal ligament? what is it formed by?

the oblique popliteal ligament is formed by part of the semimembranosus tendon and functions to strengthen the posterior capsule of the knee, stabilizing the knee

what structure is indicated by the green star?  what is its function?

what structure is indicated by the green star? what is its function?

posterior cruciate ligament; prevent the tibia from displacing posterior to the femur

what structure is indicated by the red star? what is its function?

what structure is indicated by the red star? what is its function?

anterior cruciate ligament; prevent the tibia from displacing anterior to femur

is the green star Valgum or Varum?

is the green star Valgum or Varum?

bowlegged, Varum

is the red star Valgum or Varum?

is the red star Valgum or Varum?

Knock-knees, Valgum

What muscles make up the anterior compartment of the lower leg?

Tibialis anterior, Extensor hallucis longus, Extensor digitorum longus, fibularis tertius

what is the function of the anterior compartment of the lower leg? what is the muscle of exception and what is its function

extension of the foot; Fibularis tertius--everter

what is the innervation of the anterior compartment of the lower leg? the blood supply?

Deep fibular n., Anterior tibial artery

What muscles make up the lateral compartment of the lower leg?

Fibularis longus, fibularis brevis

what is the function of the lateral compartment of the lower leg?

evert the ankle

What is the innervation and blood supply of the lateral compartment of the lower leg?

Superficial fibular n., Fibular a.

What muscles make up the posterior superficial muscle group of the lower leg?

Gastrocnemius, Soleus, Plantaris

What is the function of the posterior superficial compartment? what is the one exception and its additional function?

Plantarflexion; Gastrocnemius--also functions as a weak knee flexor

the tendon of what muscle is also known as the "freshman nerve?"

the tendon of the plantaris muscle

what is the innervation of the posterior superficial compartment of the lower leg? The blood supply?

Tibial n., posterior tibial artery

what muscles make up the posterior deep compartment of the lower leg (not at the medial malleolus)?

Popliteus, Flexor Hallucis longus, Tibialis posterior, Flexor digitorum longus

what is the innervation of these muscles? The blood supply?

Tibial n., Fibular a.

what is the function of this group? what is the exception and what is its function?

Plantarflexors, Popliteus--unlocks the knee

the sciatic nerve splits into the common fibular and the tibial nerve above the knee on the posterior thigh, describe the progression of these branches in the lower leg.

Plantarflexors, Popliteus--unlocks the knee

what is the order of the three main muscles in the posterior deep compartment of the lower leg from most lateral to most medial in the lower leg? at the medial malleolus?

lower leg--Flexor Halucis Longus, Tibialis posterior, Flexor Digitorum Longus




medial maleoulus--Tibialis posterior, Flexor Digitorum longus, Flexor hallucis longus

what is the distal attachment of Fibularis longus? fubularis brevis?

longus--passes under cuboid bone, crosses plantar foot to attach to base of first metatarsal and medial cuneiform bones.


brevis--tuberosity of the base of the 5th metatarsal bone.

describe the path of the sciatic nerve after it splits into the tibal and common fibular branches shortly before the knee.


describe the path of the femoral nerve through the leg.

describe the pathway of the femoral artery

name the muscles that make up the anterior compartment of the lower leg from lateral to medial.

fibularis tertius, extensor digitorum longus, extensor hallucis longus, tibialis anterior. (they maintain this order after coming through the extensor retinaculum of the foot.) Extensor hallucis is patyially hidden by extensor digitorum and tibialis anterior.

In the lateral compartment of the lower leg, fibularis brevis is anterior to fibularis longus. when they pass into the foot at the lateral malleolus, what is their order?

the tendon of fibularis brevis is superior to the tendon of fibularis longus.

what are the distal attachment sites of fibularis longus and brevis?

Fibularis brevis--tuburcle of 5th metatarsal bone


Fibularis longus--middle cuneiform bone

what is the order from lateral to medial of the three main muscles of the posterior deep compartment of the lower leg when in the posterior lower leg? when they meet at the medial malleolus?

In leg--