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47 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
What is the Cranial Cavity?
Occupied by brain and it's coverings, cranial nerves, and blood vessels. The bony walls are lined with dura mater, a tough, fibrous membrane that truns inward to form a meningeal layer that envelopes the brain
Endocrine System
Consists of glands that secret chemical agents (hormones) into the tissue fluids & blood, affecting the function of multiple areas of the body.
What are the 3 anterior regions of the neck?
1. anterior Clavicle- front of neck
2. lateral clavicle- side of the neck
3. supraclavicular-above the neck
Urinary System
Concerned with the conservation of water and maintenance of a neutral acid-base balance in the body fluids. * kidneys.
What are the 8 anterior upper limb regions?
1. deltoid- shoulder/upper arm
2. axillary- armpit
3. brachial- arm
4. antecubital- front of the elbow
5. antebrachial- forearm
6. carpal-wrist
7. hand:palmer- palm
8. hand:digital-fingers
Female Reproductive system
Concerned with the secretion of sex hormones, production and transporation of germ cells (ova), receipt and transport of male germ cells (sperm) to the fertilization site, maintenance of the developing embryo/fetus, and the initial sustenance.
What are the 8 anterior limb?
1. Coxal: hip
2. femoral: thigh
3. patellar: knee cap
4. crural: leg
5. fibular: lower leg
6. tarsal: ankle
7. foot:dorsum: top of foot
8. foot:digital: toes
Immune/Lymphoid System
Consists of organs concerned with body defense thymus, bone marrow, spleen, lymph nodes and tonsils.
What are the 7 Anterior Abdominopelvic regions?
1. Abdominal- abdomen
2. inguinal-groin
3. pelvic- pelvis
4. pubic- genital region
5. genital- reproductive organs
6. pudendal- female genitals
7. perineal- between genitals and coccyx
Nervous System
Consists of impulse-generating/conducting tissue organized into a central nervous system (brain & spinal cord) and a peripheral nervous system ( nerves), which includes the visceral (autonomic) nervous system involved in involuntary "fight or flight" and vegetative response.
What are the 2 posterior regions of the head?
1. parietal- top & sides of the head.
2. occipital- back of the head
This term refers to a structure that is closer to the median than any other structure in the body.
What are the 8 posterior regions of the back?
1. Scapular: shoulder blade
2. vertebral: spinal column
3. paraspinal: sides of spinal column
4. thoracic: posterior of chest
5. lumbar: lower back
6. sacroiliac: vertebro-pelvic joint
7. sacral: posterior pelvic
8. coccygeal: tail bone
Only in reference to the limb. This term refers to a structure being closer to the median plane or root of the limb than any other structure in the limb.
What is the posterior region of the neck?
Back of neck: posterior cervical/nuchal
What is a system?
a system is a collection of organ and structures sharing a common function.
What are the 8 posterior upper limb regions
1. acromial: top of shoulder
2. deltoid: shoulder/arm
3. brachial: arm
4. cubital: elbow
5. antebrachial: forearm
6. carpal: wrist
7. hand:dorsal- back of hand
8. hand:digital- fingers.
The Skeletal System
Consists of the skeleten of bones and their percosteum, and the ligaments that secure the bones at their joints.
What is the anterior thorax region?
The pectoral- anterior chest

Ipsilateral means on the same side of the reference point. Contralateral means on the opposite side of the reference point.
What are the 7 posterior lower limb regions?
1. gluteal: buttocks
2. femoral: thigh
3. popiteal: behind the knee cap
4. crural: leg
5. tarsal: ankle
6. foot:plantar- sole
7. foot: digital- toes
This term refers to a structure in the body that is closer to the front than any other structure in the body.
What are the 4 Closed Body Cavities?
1. Cranial
2. Vertebral
3. Thoracic
4. Abdomino-pelvic
Cardiovascular System
Consists of the 4 chamber of the heart, arteries conducting blood to the tissues, capillaries through which nutrients, gases and molcular materials pass to and from the tissues, & veins returning blood from the tissues to the heart.
What is the Abdominal Cavity?
Containing the gastrointestinal tract and related glands, the urinary tract and the great numbers of vessels and nerves.
Repiratory System
Consists of the upper (nose thru larnyx) and lower repiratory tract (trachea thru the air spaces of the lungs)
What is Mucosa?
A mucus-secreting layer that lines the passageways of the respiratory, urinary and digestive tracts.
Muscular System
Includes the skeletal muscles that move the skeleton, the face, and other structures and give form to the body; the cardiac muscles of the heart walls; and the smooth muscles of the wass of the viscera and vessels and in the skin
What is the Thoracic Cavity?
Contains the lungs, heart and other structures in the chest.
Transverse/Cross plane divides the body into upper and lower halves.
What are the 3 open Visceral Cavities?
1.Repiratory Tract
2. Urinary Tract
3. Digestive Tract
This term refers to a structure that is more toward the back of the body than any other structure.
What is the Vertebral Cavity?
Houses the spinal cord, its coverings, related vessels and nerve roots. Its dura mater is continuous with the cranial dura at the framen magnum, and it forms a sac whose bottom is at the level of the sacral vertebra.
The Sagittal longitudinal plane runs parallel to the median plane. It divides the body (head, torso) into parts, not halves.
These terms refer to a structure being closer to the feet than any other structure in the the body. * Not used in reference to the limbs.
These terms refer to a structure that is closer to the head than any other structure in the body.
Integumentary System
Is skin, replete with glands, sensory receptors, vessels, immune cells & keratin that resist enviromental factors harmful to the body.
The Coronal or frontal plane divides the body (head, torso,limbs ) in front and back parts or halves.
Lymphatic System
A system of vessels assisting the veins in recoving the body's tissue fluids & returning it to the heart.

The term "superficial" is synonymous with external, the term "deep" with internal. Related to the reference point on the chest wall. A structure closer to the surface of the body is superficial a structure further away from the surface is deep.
The median longitudinal plane divides the body (head, torso) into left and right halves
This term refers to a structure that is further away from the median plane than any other structure in the body.
Articular System
Comprises of the joints, both movable and fixed, and the related structures including joint capsules synovial membranes, and discs.
What are the 8 anterior regions of the head
1. Frontal- forehead
2. temporal- temple
3. orbital- eyes
4. Nasal- nose
5. Buccal- cheek
6. oral- mouth
7. mandibular- lower jaw
Only with reference to the limbs, this term refers to a structure being further away from the median plane than other structures in the limb.
Digestive System
is concerned with the digestion, breakdown and assimilation of food as well as the excretion fo the residua. (glands: liver, pancreas)
Male Reporductive System
Concerned with the secretion of male sex hormones, formation and maintenance of germ cells and transportation of germ cells to the female genital tract.