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38 Cards in this Set

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Hemivertebra
Blocked vertebra
Butterfly Vertebra
Cervical Rib
Hemivertebra
Knife Clasp
Limbus Bone
Occipitalization
Platybasia
Posterior Ponticus
Schmorl's Node
Spina Bifida Occulta
Spina Bifida Vera
Spondyloschisis
Transitional Vertebra
Atlanto Dental Interspace
Children: 1-5 mm; chronic bacterial infection

Adults: 1-3; rheumatoid arthritis
1. Basilar Angle
2. McGregor's Line
1. 123-152; greater than 152 = platybasia
2. Amount of dens above line; Males not greater than 8, Females not greater than 10. Greater than normal = platybasia
Cervical Lordosis
35-45 avg 40
1. McRae's Line
2. Chamberlain's Line
1. occipital bone should be below; if not = platybasia. apex of dens in anterior 1/4 of FM; if not = fracture/dislocation of dens
2. not greater than 3; if greater = platybasia
Cobb-Lippmen
0-20 observe for progression (5 over 3)
20-40 bracing 24/7
greater than 40: surgery, Herrington Rods
Femoral angle
120-130
Less = Coxa vara
More than 120 = coxa valga
Ferguson's Weight
Should be anterior 1/3 of sacral base
1. George's Line
2. Posterior Cervical Line
3. Sagittal Dimension of the Spinal Canal
4. Prevertebral soft tissue
1 and 2 - should be smooth
3. space occupying lesion
4. 1-3 P
5. 4-5 L
6. 6-7 T
(C2:7, C6: 22)
Hip Joint Width
superior, axial need to be equal (about 4), half that of teardrop distance
Iliofemoral line
Klein's Line
bilarteral symmetry of head above line
Lumbar Lordosis
50-60 avg 55
Lumbosacral Angle
26-57 avg 41
Lumbosacral Disc Angle
10-15; less = disc herniation, more = facet impaction
Meyerding's Grading
1-4 = spondylolisthesis grade
Less = retrolisthesis
More = spondyloptosis
Risser-Ferguson
Sacral Inclination
30-72 avg 46
Sella Turcica
A-P 5-16 avg 11
S-I 4-12 avg 8
space occupying lesion or tumor
Shenton's Line
Smooth Arc
Teardrop Distance
6-11 avg 9
Thoracic Kyphosis
varies by age group, increases with age and being female
Ulmann's Line
Has last lumbar crossed perp. line? If so, POSSIBLE spondyl, check oblique lumbar for Scotty Dog; if none, then extended TP
Skinner's Line
Fovea capitis should be above or level to the line across the greater trochanter