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31 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back

Systemic Circulation

The longer circulation system

Pulmonary Circulation

The shorter circulation system


Is a hollow muscular four chambered organ that pumps blood

Four types of blood vessels

1. Arteries

2. Veins

3. Capillaries

4. Sinuosoids


This blood vessel carries blood from the heart away to the capillaries

Pulmonary circulation

This circulation carries poor oxygen blood from heart to the lungs

Systemic circulation

This circulation carries rich oxygen blood from heart to the lungs


Composed of endothelium and its basement membrane, connects the arterioles and venules


Site of exchange of CO2 O2 nutrients and waste


This circulation is the flow of blood from arterioles to venules

Vascular shunt

This vessel is a metarteriole-thoroughfare channel

True cappilaries

Actual exchange cessels


Vessel structurally intermediate between cappilary and venule

Thoroughfare channel

Vessel structurally intermediate between capillary and venule

Precapillary sphincters

smooth muscle that regulates blood flow in the capillaries

Pulmonary veins

veins that return oxygenated blood to the heart from the lungs

Systemic veins

veins that return deoxygenated blood to the heard from the rest of the body

Venae comitante

closely accompany muscular arteries in the limbs


Has wider lumens


Transports blood under high pressure


Do not have valves

Lymphatic system

This system transports excess interstitial fluid which was initially formed as blood filtrate, back to the blood stream


Transports Lymph

Transports the product of fat absorption away from the digestive tract


tissue fluid that enters the lymphatic capillaries


accumulation of tissue fluid due to inadequate lymphatic drainage

Lymph ducts

Lymphatic vessel that is bigger than lymph capillaries

Lymph nodes

Lymphocyte production and contains phagocytes

Cisterna chyli

saclike enlargement of the thoracic duct

Brachiocephalic artery

divides into the right common carotid artery and the right subclavian artery.

Left common carotid

major blood vessels in the neck that supply blood to the brain, neck, and face.

Left subclavian

These carry oxygenated blood up to the brain from the base of the neck.