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39 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
Name 4 types of Tissue
1. Epithelial
2. Connective
3. Muscle
4. Nerve
This tissue includes the Brain, spinal cord, and nerves. This is internal communication
Nervous tissue
These tissue contract to cause movement. This tissue is where muscles attach to bones (skeletal), muscles of heart, and muscles of walls of hollow organs.
Muscle Tissue
This tissue forms the boundary between different environments, protects, secretes, absorbs, and filters. The skin surface and lining of GI tract are examples of this.
Epithelial Tissue
This tissue supports, protects, and binds other tissues together such as bones, tendons, and fat.
Connective Tissue
What is the most abundant and widely distributed tissue type?
Connective Tissue
What are the four classes of Connective Tissues?
1. Connective Tissue Proper
2. Cartilage
3. Bone Tissue
4. Blood
What are the Connective Tissue Proper subclasses?
Loose Connective Tissue (areolar, adipose, reticular)
Dense Connective Tissue (regular, irregular, elastic)
What are the Cartilage Tissue subclasses?
Hyaline cart, Elastic cart, Fibrocart
What are the Bone Tissue subclasses?
Compact and Spongy
What are the Blood Tissue subclasses?
WHOA! too complex..see chap 17 boyo.
What are the four major functions of connective tissue?
Binding and Support
Transportation (blood)
What are the 3 types of fibers in Connective Tissue?
Collagen (strength, most abundant)
Elastic (stretch)
Reticular (short/fine)
This type of tissue is avascular, and surrounded by the perichondrium
The most abundant type of cartilage, this provides support, flexibility, resilience. Present in: articular, costal, respiratory, nasal
Hyaline Cartilage
What is similar to Hyaline cartilage, but contains elastic fibers(found in ear)
Elastic Cartilage
What cartilage is highly compressed with great tensile strength and contains collagen fibers? (found in minisci of knee/invert discs)
What is blood cell formation in marrow cavities called?
What is fat storage is bone cavities called?
Cube shaped bones(wrist and ankle) and sesamoid bones comprise this bone type
short bones
These bones are LONGER than they are wide
Long bones
Tendons, ie patella make up these bones
Sesamoid Bones
Wrist and ankle bones are these
Cube-shaped bones
Thin, flat, slightly curved bone
Flat bone
Complicated shaped bones
Irregular Bones
The humerus is an example of what type of bone
Long Bone
The vertebra is an example of what type of bone?
Irregular bone
The talus is an example of what type of bone?
Short Bone
What looks like a honeycomb of trabeculae?
Spongy (cancellous) bone
What bone has a dense outer layer?
Compact Bone
the end of a long bone; initially separated from the main bone by a layer of cartilage that eventually ossifies so the parts become fused
Epiphysis (proximal and distal)
These fibers are a matrix of connective tissue consisting of bundles of strong collagenous fibres connecting periosteum to bone.
Sharpey's Fibers
What is a thin layer of connective tissue which lines the surface of the bony tissue that forms the medullary cavity of long bones?
Where does Hematopoietic tissue occur in adults?
trabecular cavities of the heads of the femur/humerus, and diploe of flat bones.
Where does Hematopoietic tissue occur in newborns?
medullary cavities and all spaces in spongy bone
Osteogenic (stem cells) in peri and endosteum give rise to what?
Osteoblasts (bone forming cells)
What are mature bone cells?
What are cells that break down (resorb) bone matrixes called?
What is responsible for hardness and resistance to compression in bones?